Networks Seminar

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Past events in this series
25 February 2020
Marya Bazzi

Multilayer networks are a way to represent dependent connectivity patterns — e.g., time-dependence, multiple types of interactions, or both — that arise in many applications and which are difficult to incorporate into standard network representations. In the study of multilayer networks, it is important to investigate mesoscale (i.e., intermediate-scale) structures, such as communities, to discover features that lie between the microscale and the macroscale. We introduce a framework for the construction of generative models for mesoscale structure in multilayer networks.  We model dependency at the level of partitions rather than with respect to edges, and treat the process of generating a multilayer partition separately from the process of generating edges for a given multilayer partition. Our framework can admit many features of empirical multilayer networks and explicitly incorporates a user-specified interlayer dependency structure. We discuss the parameters and some properties of our framework, and illustrate an example of its use with benchmark models for multilayer community-detection tools. 


28 April 2020

We consider random graph models where graphs are generated by connecting not only pairs of nodes by edges but also larger subsets of
nodes by copies of small atomic subgraphs of arbitrary topology. More specifically we consider canonical and microcanonical ensembles
corresponding to constraints placed on the counts and distributions of atomic subgraphs and derive general expressions for the entropy of such
models. We also introduce a procedure that enables the distributions of multiple atomic subgraphs to be combined resulting in more coarse
grained models. As a result we obtain a general class of models that can be parametrized in terms of basic building blocks and their
distributions that includes many widely used models as special cases. These models include random graphs with arbitrary distributions of subgraphs (Karrer & Newman PRE 2010, Bollobas et al. RSA 2011), random hypergraphs, bipartite models, stochastic block models, models of multilayer networks and their degree corrected and directed versions. We show that the entropy expressions for all these models can be derived from a single expression that is characterized by the symmetry groups of their atomic subgraphs.

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