Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

30 November 2017
12:00
Sean Ledger
Abstract

I will introduce a McKean—Vlasov problem arising from a simple mean-field model of interacting neurons. The equation is nonlinear and captures the positive feedback effect of neurons spiking. This leads to a phase transition in the regularity of the solution: if the interaction is too strong, then the system exhibits blow-up. We will cover the mathematical challenges in defining, constructing and proving uniqueness of solutions, as well as explaining the connection to PDEs, integral equations and mathematical finance.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
23 November 2017
12:00
Abstract


In the study of variational models for non-linear elasticity in the context of proving regularity we are led to the challenging so-called Ball-Evan's problem of approximating a Sobolev homeomorphism with diffeomorphisms in its Sobolev space. In some cases however we are not able to guarantee that the limit of a minimizing sequence is a homeomorphism and so the closure of Sobolev homeomorphisms comes into the game. For $p\geq 2$ they are exactly Sobolev monotone maps and for $1\leq p<2$ the monotone maps are intricately related to these limits. In our paper we prove that monotone maps can be approximated by diffeomorphisms in their Sobolev (or Orlicz-Sobolev) space including the case $p=1$ not proven by Iwaniec and Onninen.
 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
9 November 2017
12:00
Abstract

I will describe a simple macroscopic model describing the evolution of a cloud of particles confined in a magneto-optical trap. The behavior of the particles is mainly driven by self--consistent attractive forces. In contrast to the standard model of gravitational forces, the force field does not result from a potential; moreover, the nonlinear coupling is more singular than the coupling based on the Poisson equation.  In addition to existence of uniqueness results of the model PDE, I will discuss the convergence of the  particles description towards the solution of the PDE system in the mean field regime.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
2 November 2017
12:00
Euan Spence
Abstract

In this talk I will discuss acoustic and electromagnetic transmission problems; i.e. problems where the wave speed jumps at an interface. I will focus on what is known mathematically about resonances and trapped waves (e.g. When do these occur? When can they be ruled out? What do we know in each case?). This is joint work with Andrea Moiola (Pavia).

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
26 October 2017
12:00
Susana Gutierrez
Abstract

The Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation (LLG) is a continuum model describing the dynamics for the spin in ferromagnetic materials. In the first part of this talk we describe our work concerning the properties and dynamical behaviour of the family of self-similar solutions under the one-dimensional LLG-equation.  Motivated by the properties of this family of self-similar solutions, in the second part of this talk we consider the Cauchy problem for the LLG-equation with Gilbert damping and provide a global well-posedness result provided that the BMO norm of the initial data is small.  Several consequences of this result will be also given.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
12 October 2017
12:00
Sara Merino Aceituno
Abstract

We present a new model for multi-agent dynamics where each agent is described by its position and body attitude: agents travel at a constant speed in a given direction and their body can rotate around it adopting different configurations. Agents try to coordinate their body attitudes with the ones of their neighbours. This model is inspired by the Vicsek model. The goal of this talk will be to present this new flocking model, its relevance and the derivation of the macroscopic equations from the particle dynamics.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
4 September 2017
12:00
Abstract

After a brief review on the classical Prandtl system, we introduce our recent work on the well-posedness and high Reynolds numbers limit for the MHD boundary layer that shows the tangential magnetic field stabilizes the boundary layer. And then we will discuss some instability phenomena of the shear flow for both the classical Prandtl and MHD boundary layer systems. The talk includes some recent joint works with Chengjie Liu, Yaguang Wang on the classical Prandtl equation, and with Chengjie Liu and Feng Xie on the magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
1 September 2017
12:00
Abstract

We will discuss models for vehicular traffic flow on networks. The models include both the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards (LWR) model and Follow-the-Leader (FtL) models.
The emphasis will be on the Braess paradox in which adding a road to a traffic network can make travel times worse for all drivers. 
In addition we will present a novel proof how FtL models approximate the LWR model in case of heavy traffic.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

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