Hinke Osinga, University of Auckland
joint work with: Bernd Krauskopf and Stefanie Hittmeyer (University of Auckland)
Dynamical systems of Lorenz type are similar to the famous Lorenz system of just three ordinary differential equations in a well-defined geometric sense. The behaviour of the Lorenz system is organised by a chaotic attractor, known as the butterfly attractor. Under certain conditions, the dynamics is such that a dimension reduction can be applied, which relates the behaviour to that of a one-dimensional non-invertible map. A lot of research has focussed on understanding the dynamics of this one-dimensional map. The study of what this means for the full three-dimensional system has only recently become possible through the use of advanced numerical methods based on the continuation of two-point boundary value problems. Did you know that the chaotic dynamics is organised by a space-filling pancake? We show how similar techniques can help to understand the dynamics of higher-dimensional Lorenz-type systems. Using a similar dimension-reduction technique, a two-dimensional non-invertible map describes the behaviour of five or more ordinary differential equations. Here, a new type of chaotic dynamics is possible, called wild chaos.