Past Geometry and Analysis Seminar

27 February 2017
14:15
Abstract

Mean Curvature Flow (MCF) is a canonical way to deform sub-manifolds to minimal sub-manifolds. It also improves the geometric properties of sub-manifolds along the flow. The condition of being Lagrangian is preserved for smooth solutions of MCF in a Kahler-Einstein manifold. We call it Lagrangian mean curvature flow (LMCF) when requires slices of the flow to be Lagrangian.

Unfortunately, singularities may occur and cause obstructions to continue MCF in general. It is thus very important to understand the singularities, particularly isolated singularities of the flow. Isolated singularity models on soliton solutions that include self-similar solutions and translating solutions. In this talk, I will report some of my work with my collaborators on studying singularities of LMCF. It includes soliton solutions with different important properties and an in-progress joint project with Dominic Joyce that aims to understand how singularities form and construct examples to demonstrate these behaviours.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
20 February 2017
14:15
Abstract

Twistor spaces were originally devised as a way to use techniques of complex geometry to study 4-dimensional Riemannian manifolds. In this talk I will show that they also make it possible to apply techniques from symplectic geometry.  In the first part of the talk I will explain that when the 4-manifold satisfies a certain curvature inequality, its twistor space carries a natural symplectic structure. In the second part of the talk I will discuss some results in Riemannian geometry which can be proved via the symplectic geometry of the twistor space. Finally, if there is time, I will end with some speculation
about potential future applications, involving Poincaré—Einstein 4-manifolds, minimal surfaces and distinguished closed curves in their conformal infinities

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
13 February 2017
14:15
Matt Bullimore
Abstract

Symplectic duality is an equivalence of mathematical structures associated to pairs of hyper-Kahler cones. All known examples arise as the `Higgs branch’ and `Coulomb branch' of a 3d superconformal quantum field theory. In particular, there is a rich class of examples where the Higgs branch is a Nakajima quiver variety and the Coulomb branch is a moduli spaceof singular magnetic monopoles. In this case, I will show that the equivariant cohomology of the moduli space of based quasi-maps to the Higgs branch transforms as a Verma module for the deformation quantisation of the Coulomb branch

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
6 February 2017
14:15
Michael Singer
Abstract

 The Sen conjecture, made in 1994, makes precise predictions about the existence of L^2 harmonic forms on the monopole moduli spaces. For each positive integer k, the moduli space M_k of monopoles of charge k is a non-compact smooth manifold of dimension 4k, carrying a natural hyperkaehler metric.  Thus studying Sen’s conjectures requires a good understanding of the asymptotic structure of M_k and its metric.  This is a challenging analytical problem, because of the non-compactness of M_k and because its asymptotic structure is at least as complicated as the partitions of k.  For k=2, the metric was written down explicitly by Atiyah and Hitchin, and partial results are known in other cases.  In this talk, I shall introduce the main characters in this story and describe recent work aimed at proving Sen’s conjecture.

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
30 January 2017
14:15
Abstract

We discuss how bipartite graphs on Riemann surfaces encapture a wealth of information about the physics and the mathematics of gauge theories. The
correspondence between the gauge theory, the underlying algebraic geometry of its space of vacua, the combinatorics of dimers and toric varieties, as
well as the number theory of dessin d'enfants becomes particularly intricate under this light.

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
23 January 2017
14:15
Frances Kirwan
Abstract

The construction of the moduli spaces of stable curves of fixed genus is one of the classical applications of Mumford's geometric invariant theory (GIT).  Here a projective curve is stable if it has only nodes as singularities and its automorphism group is finite. Methods from non-reductive GIT allow us to classify the singularities of unstable curves in such a way that we can construct moduli spaces of unstable curves of fixed singularity type.

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
16 January 2017
14:15
Brent Doran
Abstract

What is the correct combinatorial object to encode a linear representation?  Many shadows of this problem have been studied:moment polytopes, Duistermaat-Heckman measures, Okounkov bodies.  We suggest that already in very simple cases these miss a crucial feature.  The ring theory, as opposed to just the linear algebra, of the group action on the coordinate ring, depends on some non-trivial lattice geometry and an associated filtration.  Some striking similarities to, and key differences from, the theory of toric varieties ensue.  Finite and non-finite generation phenomena emerge naturally.  We discuss motivations from, and applications to, questions in the effective geometry of moduli of curves.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
28 November 2016
14:15
Ruxandra Moraru
Abstract

Generalized holomorphic bundles are the analogues of holomorphic vector bundles in the generalized geometry setting. In this talk, I will discuss the deformation theory of generalized holomorphic bundles on generalized Kaehler manifolds. I will also give explicit examples of moduli spaces of generalized holomorphic bundles on Hopf surfaces and on Inoue surfaces. This is joint work with Shengda Hu and Mohamed El Alami

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
21 November 2016
14:15
Mark McLean
Abstract

Let A be an affine variety inside a complex N dimensional vector space which either has an isolated singularity at the origin or is smooth at the origin. The intersection of A with a very small  sphere turns out to be a contact manifold called the link of A. Any contact manifold contactomorphic to the link of A is said to be Milnor fillable by A. If the first Chern class of our link is 0 then we can assign an invariant of our singularity called the minimal
discrepancy. We relate the minimal discrepancy with indices of certain Reeb orbits on our link. As a result we show that the standard contact
5 dimensional sphere has a unique Milnor filling up to normalization. This generalizes a Theorem by Mumford.

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
14 November 2016
14:15
Brent Pym
Abstract

Title: Integrals and symplectic forms on infinitesimal quotients

Abstract: Lie algebroids are models for "infinitesimal actions" on manifolds: examples include Lie algebra actions, singular foliations, and Poisson brackets.  Typically, the orbit space of such an action is highly singular and non-Hausdorff (a stack), but good algebraic techniques have been developed for studying its geometry.  In particular, the orbit space has a formal tangent complex, so that it makes sense to talk about differential forms.  I will explain how this perspective sheds light on the differential geometry of shifted symplectic structures, and unifies a number of classical cohomological localization theorems.  The talk is
based mostly on joint work with Pavel Safronov.

 

  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar

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