Past Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops

9 March 2018
10:00
Hannah Rose
Abstract

An important and relevant topic at Thales is 1-3 composite modelling capability. In particular, sensitivity enhancement through design.

A simplistic model developed by Smith and Auld1 has grouped the polycrystalline active and filler materials into an effective homogenous medium by using the rule of weighted averages in order to generate “effective” elastic, electric and piezoelectric properties. This method had been further improved by Avellaneda & Swart2. However, these models fail to provide all of the terms necessary to populate a full elasto-electric matrix – such that the remaining terms need to be estimated by some heuristic approach. The derivation of an approach which allowed all of the terms in the elasto-electric matrix to be calculated would allow much more thorough and powerful predictions – for example allowing lateral modes etc. to be traced and allow a more detailed design of a closely-packed array of 1-3 sensors to be conducted with much higher confidence, accounting for inter-elements coupling which partly governs the key field-of-view of the overall array. In addition, the ability to populate the matrix for single crystal material – which features more independent terms in the elasto-electric matrix than conventional polycrystalline material- would complement the increasing interest in single crystals for practical SONAR devices.

1.“Modelling 1-3 Composite Piezoelectrics: Hydrostatic Response” – IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 40(1):41-

2.“Calculating the performance of 1-3 piezoelectric composites for hydrophone applications: An effective medium approach” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 103, 1449, 1998

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
15 December 2017
10:00
Abstract

Lein Applied Diagnostics has a novel optical measurement technique that is used to measure various parameters in the body for medical applications.

Two particular areas of interest are non-invasive glucose measurement for diabetes care and the diagnosis of diabetes. Both measurements are based on the eye and involve collecting complex data sets and modelling their links to the desired parameter.

If we take non-invasive glucose measurement as an example, we have two data sets – that from the eye and the gold standard blood glucose reading. The goal is to take the eye data and create a model that enables the calculation of the glucose level from just that eye data (and a calibration parameter for the individual). The eye data consists of measurements of apparent corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, optical axis orientation; all things that are altered by the change in refractive index caused by a change in glucose level. So, they all correlate with changes in glucose as required but there are also noise factors as these parameters also change with alignment to the meter etc. The goal is to get to a model that gives us the information we need but also uses the additional parameter data to discount the noise features and thereby improve the accuracy.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
17 November 2017
10:00
Jonathan Welton
Abstract

The costs to Vodafone of calls terminating on other networks – especially fixed networks – are largely determined by the termination charges levied by other telecoms operators.  We interconnect to several other telecoms operators, who charge differently; within one interconnect operator, costs vary depending on which of their switching centres we deliver calls to, and what the terminating phone number is.  So, while these termination costs depend partly on factors that we cannot control (such as the number called, the call duration and the time of day), they are also influenced by some factors that we can control.  In particular, we can route calls within our network before handing them over from our network to the other telecoms operator; where this “handover” occurs has an impact on termination cost.  
Vodafone would like to develop a repeatable capability to determine call delivery cost efficiency and identify where network routing changes can be made to improve matters, and determine traffic growth forecasts.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops

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