Past Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops

12 June 2015
10:00
Darren Price
Abstract

A recommendation system for multi-modal journey planning could be useful to travellers in making their journeys more efficient and pleasant, and to transport operators in encouraging travellers to make more effective use of infrastructure capacity.

Journeys will have multiple quantifiable attributes (e.g. time, cost, likelihood of getting a seat) and other attributes that we might infer indirectly (e.g. a pleasant view).  Individual travellers will have different preferences that will affect the most appropriate recommendations.  The recommendation system might build profiles for travellers, quantifying their preferences.  These could be inferred indirectly, based on the information they provide, choices they make and feedback they give.  These profiles might then be used to compare and rank different travel options.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
29 May 2015
10:00
Abstract

Classically, basin modelling is undertaken with very little a priori knowledge. Alongside the challenge of improving the general fidelity and utility of the modelling systems, is the challenge of constraining these systems with unknowns and uncertainties in such a way that models (and derived simulation results) can be readily regenerated/reevaluated in the light of new empirical data obtained during the course of exploration, development and production activities.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
20 March 2015
10:00
Paul Leplay
Abstract

For this workshop, we have identified two subject of interest for us in the field of particle technology, one the wet granulation is a size enlargement process of converting small-diameter solid particles (typically powders) into larger-diameter agglomerates to generate a specific size, the other one the mechanical centrifugal air classifier is employed when the particle size that you need to separate is too fine to screen.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
6 March 2015
10:00
Mike Newman
Abstract

The behaviour of complex processing systems is often controlled by large numbers of parameters.  For example, one Thales radar processor has over 2000 adjustable parameters.  Evaluating the performance for each set of parameters is typically time-consuming, involving either simulation or processing of large recorded data sets (or both).  In processing recorded data, the optimum parameters for one data set are unlikely to be optimal for another.

We would be interested in discussing mathematical techniques that could make the process of optimisation more efficient and effective, and what we might learn from a more mathematical approach.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
13 February 2015
10:00
Abstract

VerdErg Renewable Energy Ltd is developing a new hydropower unit for cost-effective energy generation at very low heads of pressure. The device is called the VETT after the underlying technology – Venturi Enhanced Turbine Technology. Flow into the VETT is split into two. The larger flow at low head transfers its energy to the smaller flow at a greater head. The smaller flow powers a conventional turbo-generator which can be a smaller, faster unit at an order of magnitude lower cost. Further, there are significant environmental benefits to fish and birds compared to the conventional hydropower solution. After several physical model test programmes* in the UK, France and The Netherlands along with CFD studies the efficiency now stands at 50%. We wish to increase that by understanding the major loss mechanisms and how they might be avoided or minimised.

The presentation will explain the VETT’s working principles and key relationships, together with some possible ideas for improvement. The comments of attendees on problem areas, potential solutions and how an enhanced understanding of key phenomena may be applied will be most welcome.

*(One was observed by Prof John Ockendon who identified a fairly extreme flow condition in a region previously thought to be benign.)

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops
12 December 2014
10:00
Abstract

Most sensing systems exhibit so-called ‘sidelobe’ responses, which can be interpreted as an inevitable effect in one domain of truncation of the signal in the Fourier-complement domain.  Perhaps the best-known example is in antenna theory where sidelobes are an inevitable consequence of the fact that the antenna aperture must be finite.  The effect also appears in many other places, for example in time-frequency conversions and in the range domain of a pulse-compressed radar which radiates a signal only over a finite frequency band.  In the range domain these sidelobes extend over twice the length of the transmitted pulse.  For a conventional radar with relatively short pulses the effect of these unwanted returns is thus confined to a relatively short part of the range swathe.

 

Some of the most modern radar techniques, however, use continuous, noise-like transmissions.  ‘Primary’ noise-modulated radars are in their infancy but so-called ‘Passive’ radars using broadcast transmissions as their power source receive similar signals.  The sidelobes of even a small target at very short range can be larger than the main return from a target at much greater range.  This limits the dynamic range of the radar.

 

Since, however, the sidelobe pattern is predictable if the illuminating signal is known sufficiently accurately, the expected sidelobes due to a large target can be estimated and removed to tidy up the image.  This approach was first described formally in:

Hoegbom, J. A., ‘Aperture Synthesis with a Non-Regular Distribution of Interferometer Baselines,’ Astrom. Astrophys. Suppl. 15, pp417-26, 1974.

And is generally known by the name of the ‘CLEAN’ algorithm.

 

The seminar will outline the problem, outline the basic form of the algorithm and ask questions about what is possible with non-iterative versions of the algorithms, how to process the data coherently and how to understand any stability issues associated with the algorithm.

  • Industrial and Interdisciplinary Workshops

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