Past Junior Number Theory Seminar

15 October 2012
16:00
Lillian Pierce
Abstract
<p>Given a form $F(x)$, the circle method is frequently used to provide an asymptotic for the number of representations of a fixed integer $N$ by $F(x)$. However, it can also be used to prove results of a different flavor, such as showing that almost every number (in a certain sense) has at least one representation by $F(x)$. In joint work with Roger Heath-Brown, we have recently considered a 2-dimensional version of such a problem. Given two quadratic forms $Q_1$ and $Q_2$, we ask whether almost every integer (in a certain sense) is simultaneously represented by $Q_1$ and $Q_2$. Under a modest geometric assumption, we are able to prove such a result if the forms are in $5$ variables or more. In particular, we show that any two such quadratic forms must simultaneously attain prime values infinitely often. In this seminar, we will review the circle method, introduce the idea of a Kloosterman refinement, and investigate how such "almost all" results may be proved.<br /><br /><br /></p>
  • Junior Number Theory Seminar
28 May 2012
16:00
Frank Gounelas
Abstract
<p>Which positive integers are the area of a right angled triangle with rational sides? In this talk I will discuss this classical problem, its reformulation in terms of rational points on elliptic curves and Tunnell's theorem which gives a complete solution to this problem assuming the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture.</p>
  • Junior Number Theory Seminar
7 May 2012
16:00
Netan Dogra
Abstract
<p>This talk will attempt to say something about the p-adic zeta function, a p-adic analytic object which encodes information about Galois cohomology of Tate twists in its special values. We first explain the construction of the p-adic zeta function, via p-adic Fourier theory. Then, after saying something about Coleman integration, we will explain the interpretation of special values of the p-adic zeta function as limiting values of p-adic polylogarithms, in analogy with the Archimedean case. Finally, we will explore the consequences for the de Rham and etale fundamental groupoids of the projective line minus three points.</p>
  • Junior Number Theory Seminar
30 April 2012
16:00
James Maynard
Abstract
<p>Vinogradov's three prime theorem resolves the weak Goldbach conjecture for sufficiently large integers. We discuss some of the ideas behind the proof, and discuss some of the obstacles to completing a proof of the odd goldbach conjecture.</p>
  • Junior Number Theory Seminar

Pages