Past Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar

22 January 2014
16:00
Robert Kropholler
Abstract
<p>Many interesting properties of groups are inherited by their subgroups examples of such are finiteness, residual finiteness and being free. People have asked whether hyperbolicity is inherited by subgroups, there are a few counterexamples in this area. I will be detailing the proof of some of these including a construction due to Rips of a finitely generated not finitely presented subgroup of a hyperbolic group and an example of a finitely presented subgroup which is not hyperbolic.</p>
  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
4 December 2013
16:00
Alejandra Garrido
Abstract

I will introduce and motivate the concept of largeness of a group. I will then show how tools from different areas of mathematics can be applied to show that all free-by-cyclic groups are large (and try to convince you that this is a good thing).

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
27 November 2013
16:00
Hemanth Saratchandran
Abstract
<p>I will show how to construct an infinite family of totally geodesic surfaces in the figure eight knot complement that do not remain totally geodesic under certain Dehn surgeries. If time permits, I will explain how this behaviour can be understood via the theory of quadratic forms.</p>
  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
13 November 2013
16:00
Antonio De Capua
Abstract

Last week in the Kinderseminar I talked about a rough estimate on volumes of certain hyperbolic 3-manifolds. This time I will describe a different approach for similar estimates (you will not need to remember that talk, don't worry!), which is, in some sense, complementary to that one, as it regards mapping tori. A theorem of Jeffrey Brock provides bounds for their volume in terms of how the monodromy map acts on the pants graph (a relative of the better known curve complex) of the base surface. I will describe the setting and the relevance of this result (in particular the one it has for me); hopefully, I will also tell you part of its proof.

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
6 November 2013
16:00
Thomas Wasserman
Abstract

A bit more than ten years ago, Peter Oszváth and Zoltán Szabó defined Heegaard-Floer homology, a gauge theory inspired invariant of three-manifolds that is designed to be more computable than its cousins, the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten invariants for four-manifolds. This invariant is defined in terms of a Heegaard splitting of the three-manifold. In this talk I will show how Heegaard-Floer homology is defined (modulo the analysis that goes into it) and explain some of the directions in which people have taken this theory, such as knot theory and fitting Heegaard-Floer homology into the scheme of topological field theories.

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
30 October 2013
16:00
Sophie Raynor
Abstract
<p>Working together with the Blue Brain Project at the EPFL, I'm trying to develop new topological methods for neural modelling. As a mathematician, however, I'm really motivated by how these questions in neuroscience can inspire new mathematics. I will introduce new work that I am doing, together with Kathryn Hess and Ran Levi, on brain plasticity and learning processes, and discuss some of the topological and geometric features that are appearing in our investigations.</p>
  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
23 October 2013
16:00
Henry Bradford
Abstract
<p>A group is said to be quasirandom if all its unitary representations have “large” dimension. After introducing quasirandom groups and their basic properties, I shall turn to recent applications in two directions: constructions of expanders and non-existence of large product-free sets.</p>
  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar
16 October 2013
16:00
Robert Kropholler
Abstract
<p>It is an open question whether a group with a finite classifying space is hyperbolic or contains a Baumslag Solitar Subgroup. An idea of Gromov was to use aperiodic tilings of the plane to try and disprove this conjecture. I will be looking at some of the attempts to find a counterexample.</p>
  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar

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