Past Number Theory Seminar

24 November 2016
16:00
Thanasis Bouganis
Abstract

In this talk we will start by introducing the notion of Siegel-Jacobi modular form and explain its close relation to Siegel modular forms through the Fourier-Jacobi expansion. Then we will discuss how one can attach an L-function to an appropriate (i.e. eigenform) Siegel-Jacobi modular form due to Shintani, and report on joint work with Jolanta Marzec on analytic properties of this L-function, extending results of Arakawa and Murase. 

  • Number Theory Seminar
17 November 2016
16:00
Oleksiy Klurman
Abstract


We develop the asymptotic formulas for correlations  
\[ \sum_{n\le x}f_1(P_1(n))f_2(P_2(n))\cdot \dots \cdot f_m(P_m(n))\]

where $f_1,\dots,f_m$ are bounded ``pretentious" multiplicative functions, under certain natural hypotheses. We then deduce several desirable consequences: first, we characterize all multiplicative functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\{-1,+1\}$ with bounded partial sums. This answers a question of Erd{\"o}s from $1957$ in the form conjectured by Tao. Second, we show that if the average of the first divided difference of multiplicative function is zero, then either $f(n)=n^s$ for $\operatorname{Re}(s)<1$ or $|f(n)|$ is small on average. This settles an old conjecture of K\'atai. Third, we discuss applications to the study of sign patterns of $(f(n),f(n+1),f(n+2))$ and $(f(n),f(n+1),f(n+2),f(n+3))$ where $f:\mathbb{N}\to \{-1,1\}$ is a given multiplicative function. If time permits, we discuss multidimensional version of some of the results mentioned above.
 

  • Number Theory Seminar
10 November 2016
16:00
Abstract

The equidistribution theorem for rational points on expanding horospheres with fixed denominator in the space of d-dimensional Euclidean lattices has been derived in the work by M. Einsiedler, S. Mozes, N. Shah and U. Shapira. The proof of their theorem requires ergodic theoretic tools, including Ratner's measure classification theorem. In this talk I will present an alternative approach, based on harmonic analysis and Weil's bound for Kloosterman sums. In the case of d=3, unlike the ergodic-theoretic approach, this provides an explicit estimate on the rate of convergence. This is a joint work with Jens Marklof. 

  • Number Theory Seminar
3 November 2016
16:00
Natalia Garcia-Fritz
Abstract

In 2000, Vojta solved the n-squares problem under the Bombieri-Lang conjecture, by explicitly finding all the curves of genus 0 or 1 on the surfaces related to this problem. The fundamental notion used by him is $\omega$-integrality of curves. 


In this talk, I will show a generalization of Vojta's method to find all curves of low genus in some surfaces, with arithmetic applications.


I will also explain how to use $\omega$-integrality to obtain a bound of the height of a non-constant morphism from a curve to $\mathbb{P}^2$ in terms of the number of intersections (without multiplicities) of its image with a divisor of a particular kind.
This proves some new special cases of Vojta's conjecture for function fields.
 

  • Number Theory Seminar
20 October 2016
16:00
Minhyong Kim
Abstract

Abstract: We will recall some analogies between structures arising from three-manifold topology and rings of integers in number fields. This can be used to define a Chern-Simons functional on spaces of Galois representations.  Some sample computations and elementary applications will be shown.

  • Number Theory Seminar
13 October 2016
16:00
Stanley Yao Xiao
Abstract

Let $F$ be a binary form of degree $d \geq 3$ with integer coefficients and non-zero discriminant. In this talk we give an asymptotic formula for the quantity $R_F(Z)$, the number of integers in the interval $[-Z,Z]$ representable by the binary form $F$.

This is joint work with C.L. Stewart.

  • Number Theory Seminar
16 June 2016
16:00
Roger Heath-Brown
Abstract

Let $a_1, \cdots, a_N$ be the sequence of y-smooth numbers up to x (i.e. composed only of primes up to y). When y is a small power of x, what can one say about the size of the gaps $a_{j+1}-a_j$? In particular, what about

$$\sum_1^N (a_{j+1}-a_j)^2?$$

  • Number Theory Seminar
9 June 2016
16:00
Joni Teräväinen
Abstract

When considering $E_k$ numbers (products of exactly $k$ primes), it is natural to ask, how they are distributed in short intervals. One can show much stronger results when one restricts to almost all intervals. In this context,  we seek the smallest value of c such that the intervals $[x,x+(\log x)^c]$ contain an $E_k$ number almost always. Harman showed that $c=7+\varepsilon$ is admissible for $E_2$ numbers, and this was the best known result also for $E_k$ numbers with $k>2$.

We show that for $E_3$ numbers one can take $c=1+\varepsilon$, which is optimal up to $\varepsilon$. We also obtain the value $c=3.51$ for $E_2$ numbers. The proof uses pointwise, large values and mean value results for Dirichlet polynomials as well as sieve methods.

  • Number Theory Seminar
2 June 2016
16:00
Rachel Newton
Abstract

Let $L/K$ be an extension of number fields and let $J_L$ and $J_K$ be the associated groups of ideles. Using the diagonal embedding, we view $L^*$ and $K^*$ as subgroups of $J_L$ and $J_K$ respectively. The norm map $N: J_L\to  J_K$ restricts to the usual field norm $N: L^*\to K^*$ on $L^*$. Thus, if an element of $K^*$ is a norm from $L^*$, then it is a norm from $J_L$. We say that the Hasse norm principle holds for $L/K$ if the converse holds, i.e. if every element of $K^*$ which is a norm from $J_L$ is in fact a norm from $L^*$. 

The original Hasse norm theorem states that the Hasse norm principle holds for cyclic extensions. Biquadratic extensions give the smallest examples for which the Hasse norm principle can fail. One might ask, what proportion of biquadratic extensions of $K$ fail the Hasse norm principle? More generally, for an abelian group $G$, what proportion of extensions of $K$ with Galois group $G$ fail the Hasse norm principle? I will describe the finite abelian groups for which this proportion is positive. This involves counting abelian extensions of bounded discriminant with infinitely many local conditions imposed, which is achieved using tools from harmonic analysis.

This is joint work with Christopher Frei and Daniel Loughran.

  • Number Theory Seminar

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