Past Number Theory Seminar

28 May 2015
16:00
Pankaj Vishe
Abstract

 Let $X$ be a smooth cubic hypersurface of dimension $m$ defined over a global field $K$. A conjecture of Colliot-Thelene(02) states that $X$ satisfies the Hasse Principle and Weak approximation as long as $m\geq 3$. We use a global version of Hardy-Littlewood circle method along with the theory of global $L$-functions to establish this for $m\geq 6$, in the case $K=\mathbb{F}_q(t)$, where $\text{char}(\mathbb{F}_{q})> 3$.

  • Number Theory Seminar
21 May 2015
16:00
Abstract

Classical anabelian geometry shows that for hyperbolic curves the etale fundamental group encodes the curve provided the base field is sufficiently arithmetic. In higher dimensions it is natural to replace the etale fundamental group by the etale homotopy type. We will report on progress obtained in this direction in a recent joint work with Alexander Schmidt.

 

**Joint seminar with Logic. 

  • Number Theory Seminar
7 May 2015
16:00
Alex Bartel
Abstract

The Cohen-Lenstra heuristics, postulated in the early 80s, conceptually explained numerous phenomena in the behaviour of ideal class groups of number fields that had puzzled mathematicians for decades, by proposing a probabilistic model: the probability that the class group of an imaginary quadratic field is isomorphic to a given group $A$ is inverse proportional to $\#\text{Aut}(A)$. This is a very natural model for random algebraic objects. But the probability weights for more general number fields, while agreeing well with experiments, look rather mysterious. I will explain how to recover the original heuristic in a very conceptual way by phrasing it in terms of Arakelov class groups instead. The main difficulty that one needs to overcome is that Arakelov class groups typically have infinitely many automorphisms. We build up a theory of commensurability of modules, of groups, and of rings, in order to remove this obstacle. This is joint work with Hendrik Lenstra.

  • Number Theory Seminar
30 April 2015
16:00
Jens Marklof
Abstract

Hardy and Littlewood's approximate functional equation for quadratic Weyl sums (theta sums) provides, by iterative application, a powerful tool for the asymptotic analysis of such sums. The classical Jacobi theta function, on the other hand, satisfies an exact functional equation, and extends to an automorphic function on the Jacobi group. In the present study we construct a related, almost everywhere non-differentiable automorphic function, which approximates quadratic Weyl sums up to an error of order one, uniformly in the summation range. This not only implies the approximate functional equation, but allows us to replace Hardy and Littlewood's renormalization approach by the dynamics of a certain homogeneous flow. The great advantage of this construction is that the approximation is global, i.e., there is no need to keep track of the error terms accumulating in an iterative procedure. Our main application is a new functional limit theorem, or invariance principle, for theta sums. The interesting observation here is that the paths of the limiting process share a number of key features with Brownian motion (scale invariance, invariance under time inversion, non-differentiability), although time increments are not independent and the value distribution at each fixed time is distinctly different from a normal distribution. Joint work with Francesco Cellarosi.

  • Number Theory Seminar
12 March 2015
16:00
Jon Keating
Abstract

I will review some classical problems in number theory concerning the statistical distribution of the primes, square-free numbers and values of the divisor function; for example, fluctuations in the number of primes in short intervals and in arithmetic progressions.  I will then explain how analogues of these problems in the function field setting can be resolved by expressing them in terms of matrix integrals. 

  • Number Theory Seminar
5 March 2015
16:00
John Cremona
Abstract

I will describe joint work with Manjul Bhargava (Princeton) and Tom Fisher (Cambridge) in which we determine the probability that random equation from certain families  has a solution either locally (over the reals or the p-adics), everywhere locally,  or globally. Three kinds of equation will be considered: quadratics in any number of variables, ternary cubics and hyperelliptic quartics.

  • Number Theory Seminar
26 February 2015
16:00
Gabriel Dospinescu
Abstract

Thanks to the p-adic local Langlands correspondence for GL_2(Q_p), one "knows" all admissible unitary topologically irreducible representations of GL_2(Z_p). In this talk I will focus on some elementary properties of their restriction to GL_2(Z_p): for instance, to what extent does the restriction to GL_2(Z_p) allow one to recover the original representation, when is the restriction of finite length, etc.

  • Number Theory Seminar
19 February 2015
16:00
Fernando Shao
Abstract

In sieve theory, one is concerned with estimating the size of a sifted set, which avoids certain residue classes modulo many primes. For example, the problem of counting primes corresponds to the situation when the residue class 0 is removed for each prime in a suitable range. This talk will be concerned about what happens when a positive proportion of residue classes is removed for each prime, and especially when this proporition is more than a half. In doing so we will come across an algebraic question: given a polynomial f(x) in Z[x], what is the average size of the value set of f reduced modulo primes?

  • Number Theory Seminar
12 February 2015
16:00
René Pannekoek
Abstract

Given an abelian variety A over a number field k, its Kummer variety X is the quotient of A by the automorphism that sends each point P to -P. We study p-adic density and weak approximation on X by relating its rational points to rational points of quadratic twists of A. This leads to many examples of K3 surfaces over Q whose rational points lie dense in the p-adic topology, or in product topologies arising from p-adic topologies. Finally, the same method is used to prove that if the Brauer--Manin obstruction controls the failure of weak approximation on all Kummer varieties, then ranks of quadratic twists of (non-trivial) abelian varieties are unbounded. This last fact arises from joint work with David Holmes.

  • Number Theory Seminar

Pages