Past Partial Differential Equations Seminar

5 March 2018
16:00
Alberto Bressan
Abstract

A well known result by Schaeffer (1973) shows that generic solutions to a scalar conservation law are piecewise smooth, containing a finite family of shock curves.

In this direction, it is of interest to find other classes of nonlinear hyperbolic equations where nearly all solutions (in a Baire category sense) are piecewise smooth, and classify their singularities.

The talk will mainly focus on conservative solutions to the nonlinear variational wave equation $u_{tt} - c(u)(c(u) u_x)_x = 0$. For an open dense set of $C^3$ initial data, it is proved that the conservative solution is piecewise smooth in the $t - x$ plane, while the gradient $u_x$ can blow up along  finitely  many characteristic curves. The analysis relies on a variable transformation which reduces the equation to a semilinear system with smooth coefficients, followed by an application of Thom's transversality theorem.   

A detailed description of the solution profile can be given, in a neighborhood of every singular point and every singular curve.

Some results on structurally stable singularities have been obtained  also for dissipative solutions, of the above wave equation. Recent progress on the Burgers-Hilbert equation, and related open problems, will also be discussed.

These results are in collaboration with Geng Chen, Tao Huang, Fang Yu, and Tianyou Zhang.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
26 February 2018
16:00
Abstract

I will present some recent results obtained in collaboration with V. Banica and F. de la Hoz on the evolution of vortex filaments according to the so called Localized Induction Approximation  (LIA). This approximation is given by a non-linear geometric partial differential equation, that is known under the name of the Vortex Filament Equation (VFE). The aim of the talk is threefold. First, I will recall the Talbot effect of linear optics.  Secondly, I will give some explicit solutions of VFE where this Talbot effect is also present. Finally, I will consider some questions concerning the transfer of energy and momentum for these explicit solutions.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
19 February 2018
16:00
Lucas Ambrozio
Abstract

In a given ambient Riemannian manifold with boundary, geometric objects of particular interest are those properly embedded submanifolds that are critical points of the volume functional, when allowed variations are only those that preserve (but not necessarily fix) the ambient boundary. This variational condition translates into a quite nice geometric condition, namely, minimality and orthogonal intersection with the ambient boundary. Even when the ambient manifold is simply a ball in the Euclidean space, the theory of these objects is very rich and interesting. We would like to discuss several aspects of the theory, including our own contributions to the subject on topics such as: classification results, index estimates and compactness (joint works with different groups of collaborators - I. Nunes, A. Carlotto, B. Sharp, R. Buzano -  will be appropriately mentioned). 

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
12 February 2018
16:00
Abstract

We discuss mathematical questions that play a fundamental role in quantitative analysis of incompressible viscous fluids and other incompressible media. Reliable verification of the quality of approximate solutions requires explicit and computable estimates of the distance to the corresponding generalized solution. In the context of this problem, one of the most essential questions is how to estimate the distance (measured in terms of the gradient norm) to the set of divergence free fields. It is closely related to the so-called inf-sup (LBB) condition or stability lemma for the Stokes problem and requires estimates of the LBB constant. We discuss methods of getting computable bounds of the constant and espective estimates of the distance to exact solutions of the Stokes, generalized Oseen, and Navier-Stokes problems.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
29 January 2018
16:00
Andrea Mondino
Abstract

After a brief introduction to the synthetic notions of Ricci curvature lower bounds in terms of optimal transportation, due to Lott-Sturm-Villani, I will discuss some applications to smooth Riemannian manifolds. These include: rigidity and stability of Levy- Gromov inequality, an almost euclidean isoperimetric inequality motivated by the celebrated Perelman’s Pseudo-Locality Theorem for Ricci flow. Joint work with F. Cavalletti.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
22 January 2018
16:00
Abstract

Existence results in large for fully non-linear compressible multi-fluid models are in the mathematical literature in a short supply (if not non-existing). In this talk, we shall recall the main ideas of Lions' proof of the existence of weak solutions to the compressible (mono-fluid) Navier-Stokes equations in the barotropic regime. We shall then eplain how this approach can be adapted to the construction of weak solutions to some simple multi-fluid models. The main tools in the proofs are renormalization techniques for the continuity and transport equations. They will be discussed in more detail.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
27 November 2017
16:00
Charles Dapogny
Abstract

In this presentation, we investigate the spectrum of the Neumann-Poincaré operator associated to a periodic distribution of small inclusions with size ε, and its asymptotic behavior as the parameter ε vanishes. Combining techniques pertaining to the fields of homogenization and potential theory, we prove that the limit spectrum is composed of the `trivial' eigenvalues 0 and 1, and of a subset which stays bounded away from 0 and 1 uniformly with respect to ε. This non trivial part is the reunion of the Bloch spectrum, accounting for the collective resonances between collections of inclusions, and of the boundary layer spectrum, associated to eigenfunctions which spend a not too small part of their energies near the boundary of the macroscopic device. These results shed new light about the homogenization of the voltage potential uε caused by a given source in a medium composed of a periodic distribution of small inclusions with an arbitrary (possibly negative) conductivity a surrounded by a dielectric medium, with unit conductivity.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
20 November 2017
14:45
Abstract

In this joint work with Amandine Aftalion we study the minimisers of an energy functional in two-dimensions describing a rotating two-component condensate. This involves in particular separating a line-energy term and a vortex term which have different orders of magnitude, and requires new estimates for functionals of the Cahn-Hilliard (or Modica-Mortola) type.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar
13 November 2017
16:00
Anna Siffert
Abstract

We prove that for closed surfaces of fixed topological type, orientable or non-orientable, there exists a unit volume metric, smooth away from finitely many conical singularities, that
maximizes the first eigenvalue of the Laplace operator among all unit volume metrics. The key ingredient are several monotonicity results, which have partially been conjectured to hold before. This
is joint work with Henrik Matthiesen.

  • Partial Differential Equations Seminar

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