We discuss the local minimality of certain configurations for a nonlocal isoperimetric problem used to model microphase separation in diblock copolymer melts. We show that critical configurations with positive second variation are local minimizers of the nonlocal area functional and, in fact, satisfy a quantitative isoperimetric inequality with respect to sets that are $L^1$-close. As an application, we address the global and local minimality of certain lamellar configurations.

# Past Partial Differential Equations Seminar

equations and discuss how these imply the strong unique continuation

principle even in the presence of rough potentials. Moreover, I show how

they can be used to derive quantitative unique continuation results in

the setting of compact manifolds. These quantitative estimates can then

be exploited to deduce upper bounds on the Hausdorff dimension of nodal

domains (of eigenfunctions to the investigated Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps).

Functions of bounded variation, abbreviated as BV functions, are defined in the Euclidean setting as very weakly differentiable functions that form a more general class than Sobolev functions. They have applications e.g. as solutions to minimization problems due to the good lower semicontinuity and compactness properties of the class. During the past decade, a theory of BV functions has been developed in general metric measure spaces, which are only assumed to be sets endowed with a metric and a measure. Usually a so-called doubling property of the measure and a Poincaré inequality are also assumed. The motivation for studying analysis in such a general setting is to gain an understanding of the essential features and assumptions used in various specific settings, such as Riemannian manifolds, Carnot-Carathéodory spaces, graphs, etc. In order to generalize BV functions to metric spaces, an equivalent definition of the class not involving partial derivatives is needed, and several other characterizations have been proved, while others remain key open problems of the theory.

Panu is visting Oxford until March 2015 and can be found in S2.48

We consider self-organizing systems, i.e. systems consisting of a large number of interacting entities which spontaneously coordinate and achieve a collective dynamics. Sush systems are ubiquitous in nature (flocks of birds, herds of sheep, crowds, ...). Their mathematical modeling poses a number of fascinating questions such as finding the conditions for the emergence of collective motion. In this talk, we will consider a simplified model first proposed by Vicsek and co-authors and consisting of self-propelled particles interacting through local alignment.

We will rigorously study the multiplicity and stability of its equilibria through kinetic theory methods. We will illustrate our findings by numerical simulations.

When solving Einstein's equations with negative cosmological constant, the natural setting is that of an initial-boundary value problem. Data is specified on the timelike conformal boundary as well as on some initial spacelike (or null) hypersurface. At the PDE level, one finds that the boundary data is typically prescribed on a surface at which the equations become singular and standard energy estimates break down. I will discuss how to handle this singularity by introducing a renormalisation procedure. I will also talk about the consequences of different choices of boundary conditions for solutions of Einstein’s equations with negative cosmological constant.

The celebrated strong cosmic censorship conjecture in general relativity in particular suggests that the Cauchy horizon in the interior of the Kerr black hole is unstable and small perturbations would give rise to singularities. We present a recent result proving that the Cauchy horizon is stable in the sense that spacetime arising from data close to that of Kerr has a continuous metric up to the Cauchy horizon. We discuss its implications on the nature of the potential singularity in the interior of the black hole. This is joint work with Mihalis Dafermos.

In this talk I will present several results connected with the idea of magnetic relaxation for MHD, including some new commutator estimates (and a counterexample to the estimate in the critical case). (Joint work with various subsets of D. McCormick, J. Robinson, C. Fefferman and J-Y. Chemin.)

We consider the two-phase Stefan problem with p-degenerate diffusion, p larger than two, and we prove continuity up to the boundary for weak solutions, providing a modulus of continuity which we conjecture to be optimal. Since our results are proven in the form of a priori estimates for appropriate regularized problems, as corollary we infer the existence of a globally continuous weak solution for continuous Cauchy-Dirichlet datum.

I will show uniqueness result for BV solutions of scalar conservation laws with discontinuous flux in several space dimensions. The proof is based on the notion of kinetic solution and on a careful analysis of the entropy dissipation along the discontinuities of the flux.