# Past String Theory Seminar

Recently, as part of a project to find CY manifolds for which both the Hodge numbers (h^{11}, h^{21}) are small, manifolds have been found with Hodge numbers (4,1) and (1,1). The one-dimensional special geometries of their complex structures are more complicated than those previously studied. I will review these, emphasising the role of the fundamental period and Picard-Fuchs equation. Two arithmetic aspects arise: the first is the role of \zeta(3) in the monodromy matrices and the second is the fact, perhaps natural to a number theorist, that through a study of the CY manifolds over finite fields, modular functions can be associated to the singular manifolds of the family. This is a report on joint work with Volker Braun, Xenia de la Ossa and Duco van Straten.

We propose a non-perturbative formulation of structure constants of single trace operators in planar *N=4* SYM. We match our results with both weak and strong coupling data available in the literature. Based on work with Benjamin Basso and Pedro Vieira.

I shall demonstrate, under some mild assumptions, that the symmetry group of extreme, Killing, supergravity horzions contains an sl(2, R) subalgebra. The proof requires a generalization of the Lichnerowicz theorem for non-metric connections. The techniques developed can also be applied in the classification

of AdS and Minkowski flux backgrounds.

I will discuss how singular fibers in higher codimension in elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds can be studied using Coulomb branch phases for d=3 supersymmetric gauge theories. This approach gives an elegent description of the generalized Kodaira fibers in terms of combinatorial/representation-theoretic objects called "box graphs", including the network of flops connecting distinct small resolutions. For physics applications, this approach can be used to constrain the possible matter spectra and possible U(1) charges (models with higher rank Mordell Weil group) for F-theory GUTs.

I will speak about weak Fano 3-folds, K3 surfaces and their Picard lattices, and explain how to solve the matching problem in various situations

Motivated by the study of supersymmetric backgrounds with non-trivial fluxes, we provide a formulation of supergravity in the language of generalised geometry, as first introduced by Hitchin, and its extensions. This description both dramatically simplifies the equations of the theory by making the hidden symmetries manifest, and writes the bosonic sector geometrically as a direct analogue of Einstein gravity. Further, a natural analogue of special holonomy manifolds emerges and coincides with the conditions for supersymmetric backgrounds with flux, thus formulating these systems as integrable geometric structures.