Past Forthcoming Seminars

10 October 2017
Nina Otter

In this talk I will first briefly introduce 1-parameter persistent homology, and discuss some applications and the theoretical challenges in the multiparameter case. If time remains I will explain how tools from commutative algebra give invariants suitable for the study of data. This last part is based on the preprint

  • Junior Computational Algebra and Topology Seminar
10 October 2017
Dr Thales Azevedo

Shortly after Mason & Skinner introduced the so-called ambitwistor strings, Berkovits came up with a pure-spinor analogue of the theory, which was later shown to provide the supersymmetric version of the Cachazo-He-Yuan amplitudes. In the heterotic version, however, both models give somewhat unsatisfactory descriptions of the supergravity sector.

In this talk, I will show how the original pure-spinor version of the heterotic ambitwistor string can be modified in a consistent manner that renders the supergravity sector treatable. In addition to the massless states, the spectrum of the new model --- which we call sectorized heterotic string --- contains a single massive level. In the limit in which a dimensionful parameter is taken to infinity, these massive states become the unexpected massless states (e.g. a 3-form potential) first encountered by Mason & Skinner."

9 October 2017
Richard D. Wade

Klarrich showed that the Gromov boundary of the curve complex of a hyperbolic surface is homeomorphic to the space of ending laminations on that surface. Independent results of Bestvina-Reynolds and Hamenstädt give an analogous statement for the free factor graph of a free group, where the space of ending laminations is replaced with a space of equivalence classes of arational trees. I will give an introduction to these objects and describe some joint work with Bestvina and Horbez, where we show that the Gromov boundary of the free factor graph for a free group of rank N has topological dimension at most 2N-2.

9 October 2017
Shehryar Sikander

A K3 surface is called attractive if and only if its Picard number is 20: The maximal possible. Attractive K3 surfaces possess complex multiplication. This property endows attractive K3 surfaces with rich and well understood arithmetic. For example, the associated Galois representation turns out to be a product of well known two dimensional representations and the  Hasse-Weil L-function turns out to be a product of well known L-functions. On the other hand, attractive K3 surfaces show up as solutions of the attractor equations in type IIB string theory compactified on the product of a K3 surface with an elliptic curve. As such, these surfaces dictate the near horizon geometry of a charged black hole in this theory. We will try to see which arithmetic properties of the attractive K3 surfaces lend a stringy interpretation and use them to shed light on physical properties of the charged black hole. 

  • String Theory Seminar
26 September 2017

We consider a generalization of low-rank matrix completion to the case where the data belongs to an algebraic variety, i.e., each data point is a solution to a system of polynomial equations. In this case, the original matrix is possibly high-rank, but it becomes low-rank after mapping each column to a higher dimensional space of monomial features. Many well-studied extensions of linear models, including affine subspaces and their union, can be described by a variety model. We study the sampling requirements for matrix completion under a variety model with a focus on a union of subspaces. We also propose an efficient matrix completion algorithm that minimizes a surrogate of the rank of the matrix of monomial features, which is able to recover synthetically generated data up to the predicted sampling complexity bounds. The proposed algorithm also outperforms standard low-rank matrix completion and subspace clustering techniques in experiments with real data.

  • Numerical Analysis Group Internal Seminar