I will present some recent results obtained in collaboration with V. Banica and F. de la Hoz on the evolution of vortex filaments according to the so called Localized Induction Approximation (LIA). This approximation is given by a non-linear geometric partial differential equation, that is known under the name of the Vortex Filament Equation (VFE). The aim of the talk is threefold. First, I will recall the Talbot effect of linear optics. Secondly, I will give some explicit solutions of VFE where this Talbot effect is also present. Finally, I will consider some questions concerning the transfer of energy and momentum for these explicit solutions.

# Past Forthcoming Seminars

We present a support theorem for subcritical parabolic stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) driven by Gaussian noises. In the spirit of the classical theorem by Stroock and Varadhan for ordinary stochastic differential equations, we identify the support of the solution to singular SPDEs with the closure of the union of the support of solutions to approximate and renormalized equations. We implement our approach in the setting of regularity structures and obtain a general result covering a range of singular SPDEs (including $\Phi^4_3$, $\Phi^d_2$, KPZ, PAM (2D+3D), SHE, ...). As a Corollary to our result we obtain the uniqueness of invariant measures for various interesting SPDEs. This is a joint work with Martin Hairer.

3d N=4 supersymmetric gauge theories provide a method for constructing HyperK\”ahler singularities, known as the Coulomb branch.

This method is complementary to the more traditional way of construction using HyperK\”ahler quotients, known in physics as the “Higgs branch”.

Out of all possible gauge theories there is an interesting subclass of quiver varieties, where the Coulomb branch has been studied in some detail.

Some examples are moduli spaces of classical and exceptional instantons and closures of nilpotent orbits. An interesting feature of Coulomb and Higgs branches is the phenomenon of "3d mirror symmetry” where for a pair of gauge theories, the Higgs branch and Coulomb branch exchange.

There is a large class of “mirror pairs” which I will discuss in some detail.

A topic of recent interest is the notion of implosions. I will argue that there is a simple operation on the quiver which leads to implosion. In other words, given a quiver such that its Coulomb branch is moduli space A, a simple operation of the quiver (making a bouquet) provides the implosion of A.

This has been tested on closures of nilpotent orbits of A type and on nilpotent cones of orthogonal groups and found to agree with the expected results.

If time permits, I will discuss isometries of Coulomb branches

We present a numerical investigation of stochastic transport for the damped and driven incompressible 2D Euler fluid flows. According to Holm (Proc Roy Soc, 2015) and Cotter et al. (2017), the principles of transformation theory and multi-time homogenisation, respectively, imply a physically meaningful, data-driven approach for decomposing the fluid transport velocity into its drift and stochastic parts, for a certain class of fluid flows. We develop a new methodology to implement this velocity decomposition and then numerically integrate the resulting stochastic partial differential equation using a finite element discretisation. We show our numerical method is consistent.

Numerically, we perform the following analyses on this velocity decomposition. We first perform uncertainty quantification tests on the Lagrangian trajectories by comparing an ensemble of realisations of Lagrangian trajectories driven by the stochastic differential equation, and the Lagrangian trajectory driven by the ordinary differential equation. We then perform uncertainty quantification tests on the resulting stochastic partial differential equation by comparing the coarse-grid realisations of solutions of the stochastic partial differential equation with the ``true solutions'' of the deterministic fluid partial differential equation, computed on a refined grid. In these experiments, we also investigate the effect of varying the ensemble size and the number of prescribed stochastic terms. Further experiments are done to show the uncertainty quantification results "converge" to the truth, as the spatial resolution of the coarse grid is refined, implying our methodology is consistent. The uncertainty quantification tests are supplemented by analysing the L2 distance between the SPDE solution ensemble and the PDE solution. Statistical tests are also done on the distribution of the solutions of the stochastic partial differential equation. The numerical results confirm the suitability of the new methodology for decomposing the fluid transport velocity into its drift and stochastic parts, in the case of damped and driven incompressible 2D Euler fluid flows. This is the first step of a larger data assimilation project which we are embarking on. This is joint work with Colin Cotter, Dan Crisan, Darryl Holm and Igor Shevchenko.

The horizon conjecture, proved in a case by case basis, states that every supersymmetric smooth horizon admits an sl(2, R) symmetry algebra. However it is unclear how string corrections modify the statement. In this talk I will present the analysis of supersymmetric near-horizon geometries in heterotic supergravity up to two loop order in sigma model perturbation theory, and show the conditions for the horizon to admit an sl(2, R) symmetry algebra. In the second part of the talk, I shall consider the inverse problem of determining all extreme black hole solutions associated to a prescribed near-horizon geometry. I will expand the horizon fields in the radial co-ordinate, the so-called moduli, and show that the moduli must satisfy a system of elliptic PDEs, which implies that the moduli space is finite dimensional.

The talk is based on arXiv:1605.05635 [hep-th] and arXiv:1610.09949 [hep-th].

Who are you? What motivates you? What's important to you? How do you react to challenges and adversities? In this session we will explore the power of self-awareness (understanding our own characters, values and motivations) and introduce assertiveness skills in the context of building positive and productive relationships with colleagues, collaborators, students and others.

In this talk, I show how concepts from non-equilibrium statistical physics can be employed in the study of climate. The specific problem addressed is the geophysical-scale evolution of Arctic sea ice. Using an analogy with Brownian motion, the original evolution equation for the sea ice thickness distribution function by Thorndike et al. (J. Geophys. Res. 80(33), pp. 4501 — 4513, 1975) is transformed to a Fokker-Planck-like conservation law. The steady solution is $g(h) = {\cal N}(q) h^q \mathrm{e}^{-~ h/H}$, where $q$ and $H$ are expressible in terms of moments over the transition probabilities between thickness categories. The solution exhibits the functional form used in observational fits and shows that for $h \ll 1$, $g(h)$ is controlled by both thermodynamics and mechanics, whereas for $h \gg 1$ only mechanics controls $g(h)$. We also derive the underlying Langevin equation governing the dynamics of the ice thickness $h$, from which we predict the observed $g(h)$. Further, seasonality is introduced by using the Eisenman-Wettlaufer model (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, pp. 28-32, 2009) for the thermal growth of sea ice. The time-dependent problem is studied by numerically integrating the Fokker-Planck equation. The results obtained from these numerical integrations and their comparison with satellite observations are discussed.

Dr Nicola Beer heads up the Department of Stem Cell Engineering at the new Novo Nordisk Research Centre Oxford. Her team will use human stem cells to derive metabolically-relevant cells and tissues such as islets, hepatocytes, and adipocytes todiscover novel secreted factors and corresponding signalling pathways which modify cell function, health, and viability. Bycombining in vitro-differentiated human stem cell-derived models with CRISPR and other genomic targeting techniques, the teamassay cell function from changes in a single gene up to a genome-wide scale. Understanding the genes and pathways underlying cell function (and dysfunction) highlights potential targets for new Type 2 Diabetes therapeutics. Dr Beer will talk about the work ongoing in her team, as well as more broadly about the role of human stem cells in drug discovery and patient treatment.