Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences
Wrinkling is a universal instability occurring in a wide variety of engineering and biological materials. It has been studied extensively for many different systems but a full description is still lacking. Here, we provide a systematic analysis of the wrinkling of a thin hyperelastic film over a substrate in plane strain using stream functions. For comparison, we assume that wrinkling is generated either by the isotropic growth of the film or by the lateral compression of the entire system. We perform an exhaustive linear analysis of the wrinkling problem for all stiffness ratios and under a variety of additional boundary and material effects. Namely, we consider the effect of added pressure, surface tension, an upper substrate and fibres. We obtain analytical estimates of the instability in the two asymptotic regimes of long and short wavelengths. This article is part of the theme issue 'Rivlin's legacy in continuum mechanics and applied mathematics'.
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