In this talk, we shall provide a comprehensive variational principle that allows one to apply critical point theory on closed proper subsets of a given Banach space and yet, to obtain critical points with respect to the whole space.

This variational principle has many applications in partial differential equations while unifies and generalizes several results in nonlinear Analysis such as the fixed point theory, critical point theory on convex sets and the principle of symmetric criticality.

# Past Partial Differential Equations Seminar

For a nonlinear elliptic system coming from a nonlinear Schroedinger system, the interaction between components is represented by a symmetric matrix. The construction of possibly lower energy nontrivial solutions and the complete description of dependence of the solutions on the matrix are quite challenging tasks. Especially, we are interested in the case that intra-species interaction forces are fixed and inter-species forces are very large, that is, the diagonal part of the symmetric matric is fixed and the non-diagonal entries are very large. In this case, depending on the network between components by repulsive or attractive forces, several different types of patterns may appear. I would like to explain our recent studies on the problem with three components and touch a possible exploration on the general n-components problem.

We consider a collisionless kinetic equation describing the probability density of particles moving in a one-dimensional domain subject to partly diffusive reflection at the boundary. It was shown in 2017 by Mokhtar-Kharroubi and Rudnicki that for large times such systems either converge to an invariant density or, if no invariant density exists, exhibit a so-called “sweeping phenomenon” in which the mass concentrates near small velocities. This dichotomy is obtained by means of subtle arguments relying on the theory of positive operator semigroups. In this talk I shall review some of these results before discussing how, under suitable assumptions both on the boundary operators (which in particular ensure that an invariant density exists) and on the initial density, one may even obtain estimates on the *rate* at which the system converges to its equilibrium. This is joint work with Mustapha Mokhtar-Kharroubi (Besançon).

In this work with P.--E. Jabin, we are interested in quantitative estimates for advective equations with an anelastic constraint in presence of vacuum. More precisely, we derive a stability estimate and obtain the existence of renormalized solutions. The method itself introduces weights which sole a dual equation and allow to propagate appropriatly weighted norms on the initial solution. In a second time, a control on where those weights may vanish allow to deduce global and precise quantitative regularity estimates.

In the first part of this talk the two-dimensional Landau-de Gennes energy with several elastic constants, subject to general k-radial symmetric boundary conditions, will be analysed. It will be shown that for generic elastic constants the critical points consistent with the symmetry of the boundary conditions exist only in the case k=2. Analysis of the associated harmonic map type problem arising in the limit of small elastic constants allows to identify three types of radial profiles: with two, three or full five components. In the second part of the talk different paths for emergency of non-radially symmetric solutions and their analytical structure in 2D as well as 3D cases will be discussed. These results is a joint work with Jonathan Robbins, Valery Slastikov and Arghir Zarnescu.

In this talk I will discuss some recent constructions of blow-up solutions for a Fujita type problem for power related to the critical Sobolev exponent. Both finite type blow-up (of type II) and infinite time blow-up are considered. This research program is in collaboration with C. Cortazar, M. del Pino and J. Wei.

We discuss the recent achievements in the attractors theory for damped wave equations in bounded domains which are related with Strichartz type estimates. In particular, we present the results related with the well-posedness and asymptotic smoothness of the solution semigroup in the case of critical quintic nonlinearity. The non-autonomous case will be also considered.

Hilbert's 19th problem asks if minimizers of "natural" variational integrals are smooth. For the past century, this problem inspired fundamental regularity results for elliptic and parabolic PDES. It also led to the construction of several beautiful counterexamples to regularity. The dichotomy of regularity vs. singularity is related to that of single PDE (the scalar case) vs. system of PDEs (the vectorial case), and low dimension vs. high dimension. I will discuss some interesting recent counterexamples to regularity in low-dimensional vectorial cases, and outstanding open problems. Parts of this are joint works with A. Figalli and O. Savin.

I will present a recent result on the structural stability of 3-D axisymmetric subsonic flows with nonzero swirl for the steady compressible Euler–Poisson system in a cylinder supplemented with non-small boundary data. A special Helmholtz decomposition of the velocity field is introduced for 3-D axisymmetric flow with a nonzero swirl (=angular momentum density) component. This talk is based on a joint work with S. Weng (Wuhan University, China).

A well known result by Schaeffer (1973) shows that generic solutions to a scalar conservation law are piecewise smooth, containing a finite family of shock curves.

In this direction, it is of interest to find other classes of nonlinear hyperbolic equations where nearly all solutions (in a Baire category sense) are piecewise smooth, and classify their singularities.

The talk will mainly focus on conservative solutions to the nonlinear variational wave equation $u_{tt} - c(u)(c(u) u_x)_x = 0$. For an open dense set of $C^3$ initial data, it is proved that the conservative solution is piecewise smooth in the $t - x$ plane, while the gradient $u_x$ can blow up along finitely many characteristic curves. The analysis relies on a variable transformation which reduces the equation to a semilinear system with smooth coefficients, followed by an application of Thom's transversality theorem.

A detailed description of the solution profile can be given, in a neighborhood of every singular point and every singular curve.

Some results on structurally stable singularities have been obtained also for dissipative solutions, of the above wave equation. Recent progress on the Burgers-Hilbert equation, and related open problems, will also be discussed.

These results are in collaboration with Geng Chen, Tao Huang, Fang Yu, and Tianyou Zhang.