Past Quantum Field Theory Seminar

12 October 2021
12:00
Roger Penrose
Abstract

The non-compact exceptional simple group G_2* turns out to be the symmetry group of quantized twistor theory. Certain implications of this remarkable fact will be explored in this talk.

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
22 June 2021
11:00
Roger Penrose et al.
Abstract

This is a joint GR-QFT seminar, to celebrate in advance the 90th birthday of Roger Penrose later in the summer, comprising 9 talks on conformal cyclic cosmology.  The provisional schedule is as follows:

11:00 Roger Penrose (Oxford, UK) : The Initial Driving Forces Behind CCC

11:10 Paul Tod (Oxford, UK) : Questions for CCC

11:20 Vahe Gurzadyan (Yerevan, Armenia): CCC predictions and CMB

11:30 Krzysztof Meissner (Warsaw, Poland): Perfect fluids in CCC

11:40 Daniel An (SUNY, USA) : Finding information in the Cosmic Microwave Background data

11:50 Jörg Frauendiener (Otago, New Zealand) : Impulsive waves in de Sitter space and their impact on the present aeon

12:00 Pawel Nurowski (Warsaw, Poland and Guangdong Technion, China): Poincare-Einstein expansion and CCC

12:10 Luis Campusano (FCFM, Chile) : (Very) Large Quasar Groups

12:20 Roger Penrose (Oxford, UK) : What has CCC achieved; where can it go from here?

  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
8 June 2021
12:00
Michael Baker
Abstract

Dark matter is known to exist, but no-one knows what it is or where it came
from.  We describe a new production mechanism of particle dark matter, which
hinges on a first-order cosmological phase transition.  We then show that
this mechanism can be slightly modified to produce primordial black holes.

While solar mass and supermassive black holes are now known to exist,
primordial black holes have not yet been seen but could solve a number of
problems in cosmology.  Finally, we demonstrate that if an evaporating
primordial black hole is observed, it will provide a unique window onto
Beyond the Standard Model physics.

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
25 May 2021
12:00
Abstract

I will be first introducing the Polyakov loop space formalism to
gauge theories. I will also discuss how the Polyakov loop space is modified
by Planck scale corrections.  The gauge theory will be deformed by the
Planck length as the minimum measurable length in the background spacetime.
This deformation will in turn deform the Polyakov loops space. It will be
observed that this deformation can have important consequences for
non-abelian monopoles in gauge theories.

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
2 March 2021
12:00
Slava Rychkov
Abstract

The conformal bootstrap program for CFTs in d>2 dimensions is
based on well-defined rules and in principle it could be easily included
into rigorous mathematical physics. I will explain some interesting
conjectures which emerged from the program, but which so far lack rigorous
proof. No prior knowledge of CFTs or conformal bootstrap will be assumed.

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
2 February 2021
12:00
Abstract

How to evaluate  meromorphic germs at their poles while preserving a
locality principle reminiscent of locality in QFT is a    question that
lies at the heart of  pQFT. It further  arises in other disguises in
number theory, the combinatorics on cones and toric geometry. We
introduce an abstract notion of locality and a related notion of
mutually independent meromorphic germs in several variables. Much in the
spirit of Speer's generalised evaluators in the framework of analytic
renormalisation, the question then amounts to extending the ordinary
evaluation at a point  to  certain algebras of meromorphic germs, in
such a way that the extension  factorises  on mutually independent
germs. In the talk, we shall describe a family of such extended
evaluators  and show that modulo a Galois type  transformation, they
amount to a minimal subtraction scheme in several variables.
This talk is based on ongoing joint work with Li Guo and Bin Zhang.
 

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar
19 January 2021
12:00
Roger Penrose
Abstract

I take the “collapse of the wave-function” to be an objective physical process—OR (the Objective Reduction of the quantum state)—which I argue to be intimately related to a basic conflict between the principles of equivalence and quantum linear superposition, which leads us to a fairly specific formula (in agreement with one found earlier by Diósi) for the timescale for OR to take place. Moreover, we find that for consistency with relativity, OR needs to be “instantaneous” but with curious retro-active features. By extending an argument due to Donadi, for EPR situations, we find a fundamental conflict with “gradualist” models such as CSL, in which OR is taken to be the result of a (stochastic) evolution of quantum amplitudes.

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  • Quantum Field Theory Seminar

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