Applied Algebra and Topology

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Past events in this series
Today
12:00
Florian Pausinger
Abstract

Persistent homology is an algebraic tool for quantifying topological features of shapes and functions, which has recently found wide applications in data and shape analysis. In the first and introductory part of this talk I recall the underlying ideas and basic concepts of this very active field of research. In the second part, I plan to sketch a concrete application of this concept to digital image processing. 

  • Applied Algebra and Topology
1 June 2018
12:00
Maddie Weinstein
Abstract

We will discuss the algebraicity of two quantities central to the computation of persistent homology. We will also connect persistent homology and algebraic optimization. Namely, we will express the degree corresponding to the distance variable of the offset hypersurface in terms of the Euclidean distance degree of the starting variety, obtaining a new way to compute these degrees. Finally, we will describe the non-properness locus of the offset construction and use this to describe the set of points that are topologically interesting (the medial axis and center points of the bounded components of the complement of the variety) and relevant to the computation of persistent homology.

  • Applied Algebra and Topology
11 June 2018
14:00
Renaud Lamboitte
Abstract

In the last years complex networks tools contributed to provide insights on the structure of research, through the study of collaboration, citation and co-occurrence networks. The network approach focuses on pairwise relationships, often compressing multidimensional data structures and inevitably losing information. In this paper we propose for the first time a simplicial complex approach to word co-occurrences, providing a natural framework for the study of higher-order relations in the space of scientific knowledge. Using topological methods we explore the conceptual landscape of mathematical research, focusing on homological holes, regions with low connectivity in the simplicial structure. We find that homological holes are ubiquitous, which suggests that they capture some essential feature of research practice in mathematics. Holes die when a subset of their concepts appear in the same article, hence their death may be a sign of the creation of new knowledge, as we show with some examples. We find a positive relation between the dimension of a hole and the time it takes to be closed: larger holes may represent potential for important advances in the field because they separate conceptually distant areas. We also show that authors' conceptual entropy is positively related with their contribution to homological holes, suggesting that polymaths tend to be on the frontier of research.

  • Applied Algebra and Topology
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