Low-rank plus sparse matrices arise in many data-oriented applications, most notably in a foreground-background separation from a moving camera. It is known that low-rank matrix recovery from a few entries (low-rank matrix completion) requires low coherence (Candes et al 2009) as in the extreme cases when the low-rank matrix is also sparse, where matrix completion can miss information and be unrecoverable. However, the requirement of low coherence does not suffice in the low-rank plus sparse model, as the set of low-rank plus sparse matrices is not closed. We will discuss the relation of non-closedness of the low-rank plus sparse model to the notion of matrix rigidity function in complexity theory.
- Numerical Analysis Group Internal Seminar