Forthcoming Seminars

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Past events in this series
2 November 2018
Jon Keating

The moments of characteristic polynomials play a central role in Random Matrix Theory.  They appear in many applications, ranging from quantum mechanics to number theory.  The mixed moments of the characteristic polynomials of random unitary matrices, i.e. the joint moments of the polynomials and their derivatives, can be expressed recursively in terms of combinatorial sums involving partitions. However, these combinatorial sums are not easy to compute, and so this does not give an effective method for calculating the mixed moments in general. I shall describe an alternative evaluation of the mixed moments, in terms of solutions of the Painlevé V differential equation, that facilitates their computation and asymptotic analysis.

5 November 2018

I will consider cost minimizing stopping time solutions to Skorokhod embedding problems, which deal with transporting a source probability measure to a given target measure through a stopped Brownian process. A PDE (free boundary problem) approach is used to address the problem in general dimensions with space-time inhomogeneous costs given by Lagrangian integrals along the paths.  An Eulerian---mass flow---formulation of the problem is introduced. Its dual is given by Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman type variational inequalities.  Our key result is the existence (in a Sobolev class) of optimizers for this new dual problem, which in turn determines a free boundary, where the optimal Skorokhod transport drops the mass in space-time. This complements and provides a constructive PDE alternative to recent results of Beiglb\"ock, Cox, and Huesmann, and is a first step towards developing a general optimal mass transport theory involving mean field interactions and noise.

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
5 November 2018
Maurico Correa

We describe the moduli space of distributions in terms of Grothendieck’s Quot-scheme for the tangent bundle. In certain cases, we show that the moduli space of codimension one distributions on the projective space is an irreducible, nonsingular quasi-projective variety.

 We study codimension one holomorphic distributions on projective three-space, analyzing the properties of their singular schemes and tangent sheaves. In particular, we provide a classification of codimension one distributions of degree at most 2. We show how the connectedness of the curves in the singular sets of foliations is an integrable phenomenon. This part of the  talk  is work joint with  M. Jardim(Unicamp) and O. Calvo-Andrade(Cimat).

We also study foliations by curves via the investigation  of their  singular schemes and  conormal  sheaves and we provide a classification  of foliations of degree at most 3 with  conormal  sheaves locally free.  Foliations of degrees  1 and 2 are aways given by a global intersection of two codimension one distributions. In the classification of degree 3 appear Legendrian foliations, foliations whose  conormal sheaves are instantons and other ” exceptional”
type examples. This part of the  talk   is  work joint with  M. Jardim(Unicamp) and S. Marchesi(Unicamp).


  • Geometry and Analysis Seminar
5 November 2018

The classical Lorentz gas model introduced by Lorentz in 1905, studied further by Sinai in the 1960s, provides a rich source of examples of chaotic dynamical systems with strong stochastic properties (despite being entirely deterministic).  Central limit theorems and convergence to Brownian motion are well understood, both with standard n^{1/2} and nonstandard (n log n)^{1/2} diffusion rates.

In joint work with Paulo Varandas, we discuss examples with diffusion rate n^{1/a}, 1<a<2, and prove convergence to an a-stable Levy process.  This includes to the best of our knowledge the first natural examples where the M_2 Skorokhod topology is the appropriate one.


  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
6 November 2018
Florian Klimm

In this seminar, I first discuss a paper by Aslak et al. on the detection of intermittent communities with the Infomap algorithm. Second, I present own work on the detection of intermittent communities with modularity-maximisation methods. 

Many real-world networks represent dynamic systems with interactions that change over time, often in uncoordinated ways and at irregular intervals. For example, university students connect in intermittent groups that repeatedly form and dissolve based on multiple factors, including their lectures, interests, and friends. Such dynamic systems can be represented as multilayer networks where each layer represents a snapshot of the temporal network. In this representation, it is crucial that the links between layers accurately capture real dependencies between those layers. Often, however, these dependencies are unknown. Therefore, current methods connect layers based on simplistic assumptions that do not capture node-level layer dependencies. For example, connecting every node to itself in other layers with the same weight can wipe out dependencies between intermittent groups, making it difficult or even impossible to identify them. In this paper, we present a principled approach to estimating node-level layer dependencies based on the network structure within each layer. We implement our node-level coupling method in the community detection framework Infomap and demonstrate its performance compared to current methods on synthetic and real temporal networks. We show that our approach more effectively constrains information inside multilayer communities so that Infomap can better recover planted groups in multilayer benchmark networks that represent multiple modes with different groups and better identify intermittent communities in real temporal contact networks. These results suggest that node-level layer coupling can improve the modeling of information spreading in temporal networks and better capture intermittent community structure.

Aslak, Ulf, Martin Rosvall, and Sune Lehmann. "Constrained information flows in temporal networks reveal intermittent communities." Physical Review E 97.6 (2018): 062312.


8 November 2018
Prof. Christian Kreuzer

A posteriori error estimators are a key tool for the quality assessment of given finite element approximations to an unknown PDE solution as well as for the application of adaptive techniques. Typically, the estimators are equivalent to the error up to an additive term, the so called oscillation. It is a common believe that this is the price for the `computability' of the estimator and that the oscillation is of higher order than the error. Cohen, DeVore, and Nochetto [CoDeNo:2012], however, presented an example, where the error vanishes with the generic optimal rate, but the oscillation does not. Interestingly, in this example, the local $H^{-1}$-norms are assumed to be computed exactly and thus the computability of the estimator cannot be the reason for the asymptotic overestimation. In particular, this proves both believes wrong in general. In this talk, we present a new approach to posteriori error analysis, where the oscillation is dominated by the error. The crucial step is a new splitting of the data into oscillation and oscillation free data. Moreover, the estimator is computable if the discrete linear system can essentially be assembled exactly.

  • Computational Mathematics and Applications Seminar


Add to My Calendar