22 January 2008
A Kuranishi space is a topological space equipped with a Kuranishi structure, defined by Fukaya and Ono. Kuranishi structures occur naturally on many moduli spaces in differential geometry, and in particular, in moduli spaces of stable $J$-holomorphic curves in symplectic geometry. Let $Y$ be an orbifold, and $R$ a commutative ring. We shall define four topological invariants of $Y$: two kinds of Kuranishi bordism ring $KB_*(Y;R)$, and two kinds of Kuranishi homology ring $KH_*(Y;R)$. Roughly speaking, they are spanned over $R$ by isomorphism classes $[X,f]$ with various choices of relations, where $X$ is a compact oriented Kuranishi space, which is without boundary for bordism and with boundary and corners for homology, and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a strong submersion. Our main result is that weak Kuranishi homology is isomorphic to the singular homology of $Y$. These theories are powerful tools in symplectic geometry for several reasons. Firstly, using them eliminates the issues of virtual cycles and perturbation of moduli spaces, yielding technical simplifications. Secondly, as $KB_*,KH_*(Y;R)$ are very large, invariants defined in these groups contain more information than invariants in conventional homology. Thirdly, we can define Gromov-Witten type invariants in Kuranishi bordism or homology groups over $\mathbb Z$, not just $\mathbb Q$, so they can be used to study the integrality properties of Gromov-Witten invariants. This is the first of two talks. Today we deal with motivation from symplectic geometry, and Kuranishi bordism. Next week's talk discusses Kuranishi homology.
- Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Seminar