Past Applied Dynamical Systems Seminar

13 November 2007
10:00
Dr. Max Little
Abstract
Many biological time series appear nonlinear or chaotic, and from biomechanical principles we can explain these empirical observations. For this reason, methods from nonlinear time series analysis have become important tools to characterise these systems. Nonetheless, a very large proportion of these signals appear to contain significant noise. This randomness cannot be explained within the assumptions of pure deterministic nonlinearity, and, as such, is often treated as a nuisance to be ignored or otherwise mitigated. However, recent work points to this noise component containing valuable information. Random dynamical systems offer a unified framework within which to understand the interplay between deterministic and stochastic dynamical sources. This talk will discuss recent attempts to exploit this synthesis of stochastic and deterministic dynamics in biological signals. It will include a case study from speech science.
  • Applied Dynamical Systems Seminar
29 November 2005
11:00
Prof Alexander Gorban
Abstract
The concept of the slow invariant manifold is the central idea underpinning a transition from micro to macro and model reduction in kinetic theories. We present the constructive methods of invariant manifolds for model reduction in physical and chemical kinetics, developed during last two decades. The physical problem of reduced description is studied in the most general form as a problem of constructing the slow invariant manifold. The invariance conditions are formulated as the differential equation for a manifold immersed in the phase space. The equation of motion for immersed manifolds is obtained. Invariant manifolds are fixed points for this equation, and slow invariant manifolds are Lyapunov stable fixed points, thus slowness is presented as stability. A collection of methods to derive analytically and to compute numerically the slow invariant manifolds is presented. The systematic use of thermodynamic structures and of the quasi-chemical representation allows us to construct approximations which are in concordance with physical restrictions. The following examples of applications are presented: Nonperturbative derivation of physically consistent hydrodynamics from the Boltzmann equation and from the reversible dynamics, for nudsen numbers Kn~1; construction of the moment equations for nonequilibrium media and their dynamical correction (instead of extension of the list of variables) in order to gain more accuracy in description of highly nonequilibrium flows; model reduction in chemical kinetics.
  • Applied Dynamical Systems Seminar
22 November 2005
16:30
Dr Hinke Osinga
Abstract
The Lorenz system still fascinates many people because of the simplicity of the equations that generate such complicated dynamics on the famous butterfly attractor. The organisation of the dynamics in the Lorenz system and also how the dynamics depends on the system parameters has long been an object of study. This talk addresses the role of the global stable and unstable manifolds in organising the dynamics. More precisely, for the standard system parameters, the origin has a two-dimensional stable manifold and the other two equilibria each have a two-dimensional unstable manifold. The intersections of these two manifolds in the three-dimensional phase space form heteroclinic connections from the nontrivial equilibria to the origin. A parameter-dependent study of these manifolds clarifies not only the creation of these heteroclinic connections, but also helps to explain the dynamics on the attractor by means of symbolic coding in a parameter-dependent way.<br> <br> This is joint work with Eusebius Doedel (Concordia University, Montreal) and Bernd Krauskopf (University of Bristol).
  • Applied Dynamical Systems Seminar
15 November 2005
11:00
Dr Stefano Luzzatto
Abstract
We formulate and prove a Jakobson-Benedicks-Carleson type theorem on the occurrence of nonuniform hyperbolicity (stochastic dynamics) in families of one-dimensional maps, based on computable starting conditions and providing explicit, computable, lower bounds for the measure of the set of selected parameters. As a first application of our results we obtain a first ever explicit lower bound for the set of parameters corresponding to maps in the quadratic family f_{a}(x) = x^{2}-a which have an absolutely continuous invariant probability measure.
  • Applied Dynamical Systems Seminar