In this talk I will introduce Hilbert's 10th Problem (H10) and the model-theoretic notions necessary to explore this problem from the perspective of mathematical logic. I will give a brief history of its proof, talk a little about its connection to decidability and definability, then close by speaking about generalisations of H10 - what has been proven and what has yet to be discovered.

# Past Kinderseminar

The “field with one element” is an interesting algebraic object that in some sense relates linear algebra with set theory. In a much deeper vein it is also expected to have a role in algebraic geometry that could potentially “lift" Deligne’s proof of the final Weil Conjecture for varieties over finite fields to a proof of the Riemann hypothesis for the Riemann zeta function. The only problem is that it doesn’t exist. In this highly speculative talk I will discuss some of these concepts, and focus mainly on zeta functions of algebraic varieties over finite fields. I will give a (very) brief sketch of how to interpret various zeta functions in a geometric context, and try to explain what goes wrong for the Riemann zeta function that makes this a difficult problem.

I was speak on the way Newton carries out his calculus in the Principia in the framework of classical geometry rather than with fluxions, his deficiencies, and the relation of this work to inverse-square laws.

Outer Space is an important object in Geometric Group Theory and can be described from two viewpoints: as a space of marked graphs and a space of actions on trees. The latter viewpoint can be used to prove that Outer Space is contractible; and this fact together with some arguments using the first viewpoint enables us to say something about the Outer Automorphism group of a free group - I will sketch both these proofs.

By way of shameless advertising for a TCC course I hope to give next term on the theory of totally disconnected locally compact groups, I will present two interesting and illuminating examples of such groups: the full automorphism group of a regular tree, and Neretin's group of spheromorphisms

Classifying line arrangements on the plane is a problem that has been around for a long time. There has been a lot of work from the perspective of incidence geometry, but after a paper of Hirzebruch in in 80's, it has also attracted the attention of algebraic geometers for the applications that it has on classifying complex algebraic surfaces of general type. In this talk I will present various results around this problem, I will show some specific questions that are still open, and I will explain how it relates to complex surfaces of general type.

Modular forms holomorphic functions on the upper half of the complex plane, H, invariant under certain matrix transformations of H. The have a very rich structure - they form a graded algebra over C and come equipped with a family of linear operators called Hecke operators. We can also view them as functions on a Riemann surface, which we refer to as a modular curve. It transpires that the integral homology of this curve is equipped with such a rich structure that we can use it to compute modular forms in an algorithmic way. The modular symbols are a finite presentation for this homology, and we will explore this a little and their connection to modular symbols.

This talk will hopefully highlight the general framework in which Penrose tilings are proved to be aperiodic and in fact a tiling.

In the game 'Set', players compete to pick out groups of three cards sharing common attributes. But how many cards must be dealt before such a group must appear?

This is an example of a "cap set problem", a problem in Ramsey theory: how big can a set of objects get before some form of order appears? We will translate the cap set problem into a problem of geometry over finite fields, discussing the current best upper bounds and running through an elementary proof. We will also (very) briefly discuss one or two implications of the cap set problem over F_3 to other questions in Ramsey theory and computational complexity

In my talk I will give a basic introduction to the finiteness properties of groups and their relation to subgroups of direct products of groups. I will explain the relation between such subgroups and fibre products of groups, and then proceed with a discussion of the n-(n+1)-(n+2)-Conjecture and the Virtual Surjections Conjecture. While both conjectures are still open in general, they are known to hold in special cases. I will explain how these results can be applied to prove that there are groups with arbitrary (non-)finiteness properties.