Past Kinderseminar

13 October 2010
11:30
David Craven
Abstract

In this talk we will survey some aspects of social choice theory: in particular, various impossibility theorems about voting systems and strategies. We begin with the famous Arrow's impossibility theorem -- proving the non-existence of a 'fair' voting system -- before moving on to later developments, such as the Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem, which states that all 'reasonable' voting systems are subject to tactical voting.

Given time, we will study extensions of impossibility theorems to micro-economic situations, and common strategies in game theory given the non-existence of optimal solutions.

16 June 2010
11:30
Jason Semeraro
Abstract

Not only does the definition of an (abstract) saturated fusion system provide us with an interesting way to think about finite groups, it also permits the construction of exotic examples, i.e. objects that are non-realisable by any finite group. After recalling the relevant definitions of fusion systems and saturation, we construct an exotic fusion system at the prime 3 as the fusion system of the completion of a tree of finite groups. We then sketch a proof that it is indeed exotic by appealing to The Classification of Finite Simple Groups.

12 May 2010
11:30
Elisabeth Fink
Abstract
I'll start with the definition of the first Grigorchuk group as an automorphism group on a binary tree. After that I give a short overview about what growth means, and what kinds of growth we know. On this occasion I will mention a few groups that have each kind of growth and also outline what the 'Gap Problem' was. Having explained this I will prove - or depending on the time sketch - why this Grigorchuk group has intermediate growth. Depending on the time I will maybe also mention one or two open problems concerning growth.

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