Past Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar

10 March 2017
Matthieu Mariapragassam and Andrei Cozma

The efficient pricing and hedging of vanilla and exotic foreign exchange options requires an adequate model that takes into account both the local and the stochastic features of the volatility dynamics. In this joint work, we put forward a four-factor hybrid local-stochastic volatility (LSV) model that combines state-of-the-art dynamics for the exchange rate with stochastic dynamics for the domestic and foreign short rates, and provide a consistent and self-contained calibration and pricing framework.
For the calibration, we propose a novel and generic algorithm that builds on the particle method of Guyon and Labordere. We combine it with new variance reduction techniques to accelerate convergence and use control variates derived from a pure local volatility model, the stochastic short rates and the two-factor Heston-type LSV model. Our numerical experiments show a dramatic variance reduction that allows us to calibrate the four-factor model at almost no extra computational cost. The method can be applied to a large class of hybrid LSV models and is not restricted to our particular choice of the diffusion.
For the pricing, we propose a Monte Carlo simulation scheme that combines the full truncation Euler (FTE) scheme for the stochastic volatility and the stochastic short rates with the log-Euler scheme for the exchange rate. We find a lower bound on the explosion time of exponential moments of FTE approximations, and prove the strong convergence of the exchange rate approximations and the convergence of Monte Carlo estimators for a number of vanilla and exotic options. We then carry out numerical experiments to justify our choice of model and demonstrate convergence.

  • Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar
24 February 2017

Speaker: Yixuan Wang
Titile: Minimum resting time with market orders
Abstract:  Regulators have been discussing possible rules to control high frequency trading and decrease market speed, and minimum resting time is one of them. We develop a simple mathematical model, and derive an asymptotic expression of the expected PnL, which is also the performance criteria that a market maker would like to maximize by choosing the optimal depth at which she posts the limit order. We investigate the comparative statistics of the optimal depth with each parameters, an in particular the comparative statistics show that the minimum resting time will decrease the market liquidity, forcing the market makers to post limit orders of volume 1.

Speaker: Marco Pangallo
Title: Does learning converge in generic games?
Abstract: In game theory, learning has often been proposed as a convincing method to achieve coordination on an equilibrium. But does learning converge, and to what? We start investigating the drivers of instability in the simplest possible non-trivial setting, that is generic 2-person, 2-strategy normal form games. In payoff matrices with a unique mixed strategy equilibrium the players may follow the best-reply cycle and fail to converge to the Nash Equilibrium (NE): we rather observe limit cycles or low-dimensional chaos. We then characterize the cyclic structure of games with many moves as a combinatorial problem: we quantify exactly how many best-reply configurations give rise to cycles or to NE, and show that acyclic (e.g. coordination, potential, supermodular) games become more and more rare as the number of moves increases (a fortiori if the payoffs are negatively correlated and with more than two players).  In most games the learning dynamics ends up in limit cycles or high-dimensional chaotic attractors, preventing the players to coordinate. Strategic interactions would then be governed by learning in an ever-changing environment, rather than by rational and fully-informed equilibrium thinking.
Collaborators: J. D. Farmer, T. Galla, T. Heinrich, J. Sanders

  • Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar
10 February 2017
Gaoyue Guo

The Skorokhod embedding problem aims to represent a given probability measure on the real line as the distribution of Brownian motion stopped at a chosen stopping time. In this talk, we consider an extension of the weak formulation of the optimal Skorokhod embedding problem. Using the classical convex duality approach together with the optimal stopping theory, we establish some duality. Moreover, based on the duality, we provide an alternative proof of the monotonicity principle proved by Beiglbock, Cox and Huesmann.

  • Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar
27 January 2017
Jan Obloj

We pursue robust approach to pricing and hedging in mathematical
finance. We develop a general discrete time setting in which some
underlying assets and options are available for dynamic trading and a
further set of European options, possibly with varying maturities, is
available for static trading. We include in our setup modelling beliefs by
allowing to specify a set of paths to be considered, e.g.
super-replication of a contingent claim is required only for paths falling
in the given set. Our framework thus interpolates between
model-independent and model-specific settings and allows to quantify the
impact of making assumptions. We establish suitable FTAP and
Pricing-Hedging duality results which include as special cases previous
results of Acciaio et al. (2013), Burzoni et al. (2016) as well the
Dalang-Morton-Willinger theorem. Finally, we explain how to treat further
problems, such as insider trading (information quantification) or American
options pricing.
Based on joint works with Burzoni, Frittelli, Hou, Maggis; Aksamit, Deng and Tan.

  • Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar
2 December 2016
Christoph Reisinger

In this talk, we present and analyse a class of “filtered” numerical schemes for second order Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations, with a focus on examples arising from stochastic control problems in financial engineering. We start by discussing more widely the difficulty in constructing compact and accurate approximations. The key obstacle is the requirement in the established convergence analysis of certain monotonicity properties of the schemes. We follow ideas in Oberman and Froese (2010) to introduce a suitable local modification of high order schemes, which are necessarily non-monotone, by “filtering” them with a monotone scheme. Thus, they can be proven to converge and still show an overall high order behaviour for smooth enough value functions. We give theoretical proofs of these claims and illustrate the behaviour with numerical tests. 

This talk is based on joint work with Olivier Bokanowski and Athena Picarelli.

  • Mathematical Finance Internal Seminar