22 February 2013
Modelling of irreversible deformations near the tip of a crack in a porous domain containing oil and gas
Dr Alex Lukyanov
Thermomechanical processes observed in deformable solids under intensive dynamic or quasi-static loadings consist of coupled mechanical, thermal and fracturing stages. The fracturing processes involve formation, motion and interaction of defects in crystals, phase transitions, breaking of bonds between atoms, accumulation of micro-structural damages (pores, cracks), etc. Irreversible deformations, zones of adiabatic shear micro-fractures are caused by these processes. Dynamic fracturing is a complicated multistage process, which includes appearance, evolution and confluence of micro-defects and formation of embryonic micro-cracks and pores that can grow and lead to the breaking-up of bodies with formation of free surfaces. This results in a need to use more advanced mathematical and numerical techniques. This talk presents modelling of irreversible deformation near the tip of a crack in a porous domain containing oil and gas during the hydraulic fracturing process. The governing equations for a porous domain containing oil and gas are based on constructing a mathematical model of thermo-visco-elasto-plastic media with micro-defects (micro-pores) filled with another phase (e.g., oil or/and gas). The micro-pores can change their size during the process of dynamical irreversible deformation. The existing pores can expand or collapse. The model was created by using fundamental thermodynamic principles and, therefore, it is a thermodynamically consistent model. All the processes (i.e., irreversible deformation, fracturing, micro-damaging, heat transfer) within a porous domain are strongly coupled. An explicit normalized-corrected meshless method is used to solve the resulting governing PDEs. The flexibility of the proposed technique allows efficient running using a great number of micro- and macro- fractures. The results are presented, discussed and future studies are outlined.
- Mathematical Geoscience Seminar