Past Special Seminar

21 February 2014
14:00
Abstract

Nature and the world of human technology are full of
networks. People like to draw diagrams of networks: flow charts,
electrical circuit diagrams, signal flow diagrams, Bayesian networks,
Feynman diagrams and the like. Mathematically-minded people know that
in principle these diagrams fit into a common framework: category
theory. But we are still far from a unified theory of networks.

30 January 2014
11:00
Abstract

The fundamental mechanisms of microorganism motility have been extensively studied in the past. Most previous work focused on cell locomotion in simple (Newtonian) fluids.
However, in many cases of biological importance (including mammalian reproduction and bacterial infections), the fluids that surround the organisms are strongly non-Newtonian (so-called complex fluids), either because they have shear-dependent viscosities, or because they display an elastic response. These non-Newtonian effects challenge the most fundamental intuition in fluid mechanics, resulting in our incapacity to predict its implications in biological cell locomotion. In this talk, our on-going experimental investigation to quantify the effect of non-Newtonian behavior on the locomotion and fluid transport of microorganisms will be described. Several types of magnetic micro-robots were designed and built. These devices were actuated to swim or move in a variety of fluids : Newtonian, elastic with constant viscosity (Boger fluids) or inelastic with shear-thinning viscosity. We have found that, depending on the details of locomotion, the swimming performance can either be increased, decreased or remain unaffected by the non Newtonian nature of the liquid. Some key elements to understand the general effect of viscoelasticity and shear-thinning viscosity of the motility of microorganisms will be discussed.

11 December 2013
18:00
Professor Alistair Fitt
Abstract

Question: Is it a realistic proposition for a mathematician to use his/her skills to make a living from sports betting? The introduction of betting exchanges have fundamentally changed the potential profitability of gambling, and a professional mathematician's arsenal of numerical and theoretical weapons ought to give them a huge natural advantage over most "punters", so what might be realistically possible and what potential risks are involved? This talk will give some idea of the sort of plan that might be required to realise this ambition, and what might be further required to attain the aim of sustainable gambling profitability.

26 July 2012
14:00
Prof. Henry Matzinger
Abstract

We consider two independent random sequences of length n.
We consider optimal alignments according to a scoring function S.
We show that when the scoring function S is chosen at random
then with probability 1, the frequency of the aligned letter pairs
converges to a unique distribution as n goes to infinity. We also show
some concentration of measure phenomena.

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