Past Stochastic Analysis Seminar

5 February 2018
15:45
JAMES FOSTER
Abstract

Numerical methods for SDEs typically use only the discretized increments of the driving Brownian motion. As one would expect, this approach is sensible and very well studied.

In addition to generating increments, it is also straightforward to generate time integrals of Brownian motion. These quantities give extra information about the Brownian path and are known to improve the strong convergence of methods for one-dimensional SDEs. Despite this, numerical methods that use time integrals alongside increments have received less attention in the literature.

In this talk, we will develop some underlying theory for these time integrals and introduce a new numerical approach to SDEs that does not require evaluating vector field derivatives. We shall also discuss the possible implications of this work for multi-dimensional SDEs.

 

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
5 February 2018
14:15
DAVID PROEMEL
Abstract

Based on the notion of paracontrolled distributions, existence and uniqueness results are presented for rough convolution equations. In particular, this wide class of equations includes rough differential equations with possible delay, stochastic Volterra equations, and moving average equations driven by Lévy processes. The talk is based on a joint work with Mathias Trabs.

 

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
29 January 2018
15:45
HUGO VANNEUVILLE
Abstract

Let f be the planar Bargmann-Fock field, i.e. the analytic Gaussian field with covariance kernel exp(-|x-y|^2/2). We compute the critical point for the percolation model induced by the level sets of f. More precisely, we prove that there exists a.s. an unbounded component in {f>p} if and only if p<0. Such a percolation model has been studied recently by Beffara-Gayet and Beliaev-Muirhead. One important aspect of our work is a derivation of a (KKL-type) sharp threshold result for correlated Gaussian variables. The idea to use a KKL-type result to compute a critical point goes back to Bollobás-Riordan. This is joint work with Alejandro Rivera.

 

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
22 January 2018
14:15
DMITRY BELYAEV
Abstract

Smooth Gaussian functions appear naturally in many areas of mathematics. Most of the talk will be about two special cases: the random plane model and the Bargmann-Fock ensemble. Random plane wave are conjectured to be a universal model for high-energy eigenfunctions of the Laplace operator in a generic domain. The Bargmann-Fock ensemble appears in quantum mechanics and is the scaling limit of the Kostlan ensemble, which is a good model for a `typical' projective variety. It is believed that these models, despite very different origins have something in common: they have scaling limits that are described be the critical percolation model. This ties together ideas and methods from many different areas of mathematics: probability, analysis on manifolds, partial differential equation, projective geometry, number theory and mathematical physics. In the talk I will introduce all these models, explain the conjectures relating them, and will talk about recent progress in understanding these conjectures.

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
15 January 2018
15:45
ELENA ISSOGLIO
Abstract

In this talk I will present three families of differential equations (SDEs, BSDEs and PDEs) and their links to each other. The novel fact is that some of the coefficients are generalised functions living in a fractional Sobolev space of negative order. I will discuss the appropriate notion of solution for each type of equation and show existence and uniqueness results. To do so, I will use tools from analysis like semigroup theory, pointwise products, theory of function spaces, as well as classical tools from probability and stochastic analysis. The link between these equations will play a fundamental role, in particular the results on the PDE are used to give a meaning and solve both the forward and the backward stochastic differential equations.  

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
15 January 2018
14:15
HORATIO BOEDIHARDJO
Abstract

Stochastic differential equations have Taylor expansions in terms of iterated Wiener integrals. The convergence of such expansion depends on the limiting behavior of the order-N iterated integrals as N tends to infinity. Recently, there has been increased interests in processes stopped at a random time. A breakthrough in the study of the iterated integrals of Brownian motion up to the exit time of a domain was included in the work of Lyons-Ni (2012). The paper leaves open an interesting question: what is the sharp rate of decay for the expected iterated integrals up to the exit time. We will review the state of the art in this problem and report some recent progress. Joint work with Ni Hao (UCL).

 

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
27 November 2017
15:45
ALEKSANDAR MIJATOVIC
Abstract

Abstract: In this talk we describe an invariance principle for a class of non-homogeneous martingale random walks in $\RR^d$ that can be recurrent or transient for any dimension $d$. The scaling limit, which we construct, is a martingale diffusions with law determined uniquely by an SDE with discontinuous coefficients at the origin whose pathwise uniqueness may fail. The radial component of the diffusion is a Bessel process of dimension greater than 1. We characterize the law of the diffusion, which must start at the origin, via its excursions built around the Bessel process: each excursion has a generalized skew-product-type structure, in which the angular component spins at infinite speed at the start and finish of each excursion. Defining a Riemannian metric $g$ on the sphere $S^{d−1}$, different from the one induced by the ambient Euclidean space, allows us to give an explicit construction of the angular component (and hence of the entire skew-product decomposition) as a time-changed Browninan motion with drift on the Riemannian manifold $(S^{d−1}, g)$. In particular, this provides a multidimensional generalisation of the Pitman–Yor representation of the excursions of Bessel process with dimension between one and two. Furthermore, the density of the stationary law of the angular component with respect to the volume element of $g$ can be characterised by a linear PDE involving the Laplace–Beltrami operator and the divergence under the metric $g$. This is joint work with Nicholas Georgiou and Andrew Wade.

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar
27 November 2017
14:15
GECHUN LIANG
Abstract

We propose a new splitting algorithm to solve a class of quasilinear PDEs with convex and quadratic growth gradients. 

By splitting the original equation into a linear parabolic equation and a Hamilton-Jacobi equation, we are able to solve both equations explicitly. 

In particular, we solve the associated Hamilton-Jacobi equation by the Hopf-Lax formula, 

and interpret the splitting algorithm as a stochastic Hopf-Lax approximation of the quasilinear PDE.  

We show that the numerical solution will converge to the viscosity solution of the equation.  

The upper bound of the convergence rate is proved based on Krylov's shaking coefficients technique, 

while the lower bound is proved based on Barles-Jakobsen's optimal switching approximation technique. 

Based on joint work with Shuo Huang and Thaleia Zariphopoulou.

 

  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar

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