Komlós conjectured in 1981 that among all graphs with minimum degree at least $d$, the complete graph $K_{d+1}$ minimises the number of Hamiltonian subsets, where a subset of vertices is Hamiltonian if it contains a spanning cycle. We prove this conjecture when $d$ is sufficiently large. In fact we prove a stronger result: for large $d$, any graph $G$ with average degree at least $d$ contains almost twice as many Hamiltonian subsets as $K_{d+1}$, unless $G$ is isomorphic to $K_{d+1}$ or a certain other graph which we specify. This is joint work with Hong Liu, Maryam Sharifzadeh and Katherine Staden.

# Past Forthcoming Seminars

One of the greatest challenges in developing renewable energy sources is finding an efficient energy storage solution to smooth out the inherently fluctuating supply. One cheap solution is lead-acid batteries, which are used to provide off-grid solar energy in developing countries. However, modelling of this technology has fallen behind other types of battery; the state-of-the-art models are either overly simplistic, fitting black-box functions to current and voltage data, or overly complicated, requiring complex and time-consuming numerical simulations. Neither of these methods offers great insight into the chemical behaviour at the micro-scale.

In our research, we use asymptotic methods to explore the Newman porous-electrode model for a constant-current discharge at low current densities, a good estimate for real-life applications. In this limit, we obtain a simple yet accurate formula for the cell voltage as a function of current density and time. We also gain quantitative insight into the effect of various parameters on this voltage. Further, our model allows us to quantitatively investigate the effect of ohmic resistance and mass transport limitations, as a correction to the leading order cell voltage. Finally, we explore the effect on cell voltage of other secondary phenomena, such as growth of a discharge-product layer in the pores and reaction-induced volume changes in the electrolyte.

In the cosmological scheme of conformal cyclic cosmology (CCC), the equations governing the crossover form each aeon to the next demand the creation of a dominant new scalar material that is postulated to be dark matter. In order that this material does not build up from aeon to aeon, it is taken to decay away completely over the history of the aeon. The dark matter particles (erebons) would be expected to behave as essentially classical particles of around a Planck mass, interacting only gravitationally, and their decay would be mainly responsible for the (~scale invariant)

temperature fluctuations in the CMB of the succeeding aeon. In our own aeon, erebon decay ought to be detectable as impulsive events observable by gravitational wave detectors.

The contact line problem in interfacial fluid mechanics concerns the triple-junction between a fluid, a solid, and a vapor phase. Although the equilibrium configurations of contact lines have been well-understood since the work of Young, Laplace, and Gauss, the understanding of contact line dynamics remains incomplete and is a source of work in experimentation, modeling, and mathematical analysis. In this talk we consider a 2D model of contact point (the 2D analog of a contact line) dynamics for an incompressible, viscous, Stokes fluid evolving in an open-top vessel in a gravitational field. The model allows for fully dynamic contact angles and points. We show that small perturbations of the equilibrium configuration give rise to global-in-time solutions that decay to equilibrium exponentially fast. This is joint with with Yan Guo.

Boundaries of hyperbolic spaces have played a key role in low dimensional topology and geometric group theory. In 1993, Paulin showed that the topology of the boundary of a (Gromov) hyperbolic space, together with its quasi-mobius structure, determines the space up to quasi-isometry. One can define an analogous boundary, called the Morse boundary, for any proper geodesic metric space. I will discuss an analogue of Paulin’s theorem for Morse boundaries of CAT(0) spaces. (Joint work with Devin Murray.)

We consider a class of nonlinear population models on a two-dimensional lattice which are influenced by a small random potential, and we show that on large temporal and spatial scales the population density is well described by the continuous parabolic Anderson model, a linear but singular stochastic PDE. The proof is based on a discrete formulation of paracontrolled distributions on unbounded lattices which is of independent interest because it can be applied to prove the convergence of a wide range of lattice models. This is joint work with Jörg Martin.

Reinhard Farwig and Chenyin Qian

Consider the autonomous quasi-geostrophic equation with fractional dissipation in $\mathbb{R}^2$

\begin{equation} \label{a}

\theta_t+u\cdot\nabla\theta+(-\Delta)^{\alpha}\theta=f(x,\theta)

\end{equation}

in the subcritical case $1/2<\alpha\leq1$, with initial condition $\theta(x, 0)= \theta^{0}$ and given external force $f(x,\theta)$. Here the real scalar function $\theta$ is the so-called potential temperature, and the incompressible velocity field $u=(u_1,u_2)=(-\mathcal {R}_2\theta,\mathcal {R}_1\theta)$ is determined from $\theta$ via Riesz operators. Our aim is to prove the existence of the compact global attractor $\mathcal{A}$ in the Bessel potential space $H^s(\mathbb{R}^2)$ when $s>2(1-\alpha)$.

The construction of the attractor is based on the existence of an absorbing set in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and $H^s(\mathbb{R}^2)$ where $s>2(1-\alpha)$. A second major step is usually based on compact Sobolev embeddings which unfortunately do not hold for unbounded domains. To circumvent this problem we exploit compact Sobolev embeddings on balls $B_R \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and uniform smallness estimates of solutions on $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus B_R$. In the literature the latter estimates are obtained by a damping term $\lambda\theta$, $\lambda<0$, as part of the right hand side $f$ to guarantee exponential decay estimates. In our approach we exploit a much weaker nonlocal damping term of convolution type $\rho*\theta$ where $\widehat \rho<0$.

We describe a general program for the classification of flat connections on topological manifolds. This is motivated by the classification of locally homogeneous geometric structures on manifolds, in the spirit of Ehresmann and Thurston. This leads to interesting dynamical systems arising from mapping class group actions on character varieties. The mapping class group action is a discrete version of a continuous object, namely the extension of the Teichmueller flow to a unversal character variety over over the tangent bundle of Teichmuller space. We give several examples of this construction

and discuss joint work with Giovanni Forni on a mixing property of this suspended flow.