Optimal Transport, Robust Pricing, and Trajectorial Inequalities

9 November 2012
Mathias Beiglböck
Robust pricing of an exotic derivative with payoff $\Phi$ can be viewed as the task of estimating its expectation $E_Q \Phi$ with respect to a martingale measure $Q$ satisfying marginal constraints. It has proven fruitful to relate this to the theory of Monge-Kantorovich optimal transport. For instance, the duality theorem from optimal transport leads to new super-replication results. Optimality criteria from the theory of mass transport can be translated to the martingale setup and allow to characterize minimizing/maximizing models in the robust pricing problem. Moreover, the dual viewpoint provides new insights to the classical inequalities of Doob and Burkholder-Davis-Gundy.