The Surface Subgroup Theorem

5 November 2014
Alexander Margolis

We will give an outline of the proof by Kahn and Markovic who showed that a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold $\textbf{M}$ contains a closed $\pi_1$-injective surface. This is done using exponential mixing to find many pairs of pants in $\textbf{M}$, which can then be glued together to form a suitable surface. This answers a long standing conjecture of Waldhausen and is a key ingredient in the proof of the Virtual Haken Theorem.

  • Junior Topology and Group Theory Seminar