Hawking radiation and particle creation by an expanding Universe
are paradigmatic predictions of quantum field theory in curved spacetime.
Although the theory is a few decades old, it still awaits experimental
demonstration. At first sight, the effects predicted by the theory are too
small to be measured in the laboratory. Therefore, current experimental
efforts have been directed towards siumlating Hawking radiation and
studying quantum particle creation in analogue spacetimes.
In this talk, I will present a proposal to test directly effects of
quantum field theory in the Earth's spacetime using quantum technologies.
Under certain circumstances, real spacetime distortions (such as
gravitational waves) can produce observable effects in the state of
phonons of a Bose-Einstein condensate. The sensitivity of the phononic
field to the underlying spacetime can also be used to measure spacetime
parameters such as the Schwarzschild radius of the Earth.
- Quantum Field Theory Seminar