The monogamy of entanglement, and applications to quantum cryptography

11 May 2016
15:00
Serge Fehr
Abstract

One of the peculiar features of quantum mechanics is
entanglement. It is known that entanglement is monogamous in the sense
that a quantum system can only be strongly entangled to one other
system. In this talk, I will show how this so-called monogamy of
entanglement can be captured and quantified by a "game". We show that,
in this particular game, the monogamy completely "cancels out" the
advantage of entanglement.
As an application of our analysis, we show that - in theory - the
standard BB84 quantum-key-distribution scheme is one-sided
device-independent, meaning that one of the parties, say Bob, does not
need to trust his quantum measurement device: security is guaranteed
even if his device is completely malicious.
The talk will be fully self-contained; no prior knowledge on quantum
mechanics/cryptography is necessary.

  • Cryptography Seminar