PROBABILITY THEORY AND RELATED FIELDS
© The Author(s) 2017. We consider random walks and Lévy processes in a homogeneous group G. For all p > 0, we completely characterise (almost) all G-valued Lévy processes whose sample paths have finite p-variation, and give sufficient conditions under which a sequence of G-valued random walks converges in law to a Lévy process in p-variation topology. In the case that G is the free nilpotent Lie group over ℝd, so that processes of finite p-variation are identified with rough paths, we demonstrate applications of our results to weak convergence of stochastic flows and provide a Lévy–Khintchine formula for the characteristic function of the signature of a Lévy process. At the heart of our analysis is a criterion for tightness of p-variation for a collection of càdlàg strong Markov processes.
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