13 August 2019
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. We establish, via a heuristic Fourier inversion calculation, that the Hardy-Littlewood twin prime conjecture is equivalent to an asymptotic formula for the two-point correlation function of Riemann zeros at a height E on the critical line. Previously it was known that the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture implies the pair correlation formula, and we show that the reverse implication also holds. An averaged form of the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture is obtained by inverting the limit of the two-point correlation function and the precise form of the conjecture is found by including asymptotically lower order terms in the two-point correlation function formula.
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