Classifying crystal structures: geometric and arithmetic approach

1 November 2004
Mario Nardone
While the classification of crystals made up by just one atom per cell is well-known and understood (Bravais lattices), that for more complex structures is not. We present a geometric way classifying these crystals and an arithmetic one, the latter introduced in solid mechanics only recently. The two approaches are then compared. Our main result states that they are actually equivalent; this way a geometric interpretation of the arithmetic criterion in given. These results are useful for the kinematic description of solid-solid phase transitions. Finally we will reformulate the arithmetic point of view in terms of group cohomology, giving an intrinsic view and showing interesting features.
  • Applied Analysis and Mechanics Seminar