The story of three polytopes and what they tell us about information acquisition

17 November 2008
15:45
Dr. Jared Tanner
Abstract
We will examine the typical structure of random polytopes by projecting the three fundamental regular polytopes: the simplex, cross-polytope, and hypercube. Along the way we will explore the implications of their structure for information acquisition and optimization. Examples of these implications include: that an N-vector with k non-zeros can be recovered computationally efficiently from only n random projections with n=2e k log(N/n), or that for a surprisingly large set of optimization problems the feasible set is actually a point. These implications are driving a new signal processing paradigm, Compressed Sensing, which has already lead to substantive improvements in various imaging modalities. This work is joint with David L. Donoho.
  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar