Compressive sampling of radar and electronic warfare data

4 June 2010
Andy Stove
'Compressive sampling' is a topic of current interest. It relies on data being sparse in some domain, which allows what is apparently 'sub Nyquist' sampling so that the quantities of data which must be handled become more closely related to the information rate. This principal would appear to have (at least) three applications for radar and electronic warfare: \\ The most modest application is to reduce the amount of data which we must handle: radar and electronic warfare receivers generate vast amounts of data (up to 1Gbit/second or even 10Gbit.sec). It is desirable to be able to store this data for future analysis and it is also becoming increasingly important to be able to share it between different sensors, which, prima facie, requires vast communication bandwidths and it would be valuable to be able to find ways to handle this more efficiently. \\ The second advantage is that if suitable data domains can be identified, it may also be possible to pre-process the data before the analogue to digital converters in the receivers, to reduce the demands on these critical components. \\ The most ambitious use of compressive sensing would be to find ways of modifying the radar waveforms, and the electronic warfare receiver sampling strategies, to change the domain in which the information is represented to reduce the data rates at the receiver 'front ends', i.e. make the data at the front end better match the information we really want to acquire.\\ The aim of the presentation will be to describe the issues with which we are faced, and to discuss how compressive sampling might be able to help. A particular issue which will be raised is how we might find domains in which the data is sparse.
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