Past OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar

16 February 2012
12:30
Abstract
In this talk, we first study the Mean Curvature Flow, an evolution equation for submanifolds of some Euclidean space. We review a famous monotonicity formula of Huisken and its application to classifying so-called Type I singularities. Then, we discuss the Ricci Flow, which might be seen as the intrinsic analog of the Mean Curvature Flow for abstract Riemannian manifolds. We explain how Huisken's classification of Type I singularities can be adopted to this intrinsic setting, using monotone quantities found by Perelman.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
9 February 2012
12:30
Yves Capdeboscq
Abstract

 Consider the solution of a scalar Helmholtz equation where the potential (or index) takes two positive values, one inside a disk or a ball (when d=2 or 3) of radius epsilon and another one outside. For this classical problem, it is possible to derive sharp explicit estimates of the size of the scattered field caused by this inhomogeneity, for any frequencies and any contrast. We will see that uniform estimates with respect to frequency and contrast do not tend to zero with epsilon, because of a quasi-resonance phenomenon. However, broadband estimates can be derived: uniform bounds for the scattered field for any contrast, and any frequencies outside of a set which tends to zero with epsilon.

  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
2 February 2012
12:30
Laura Caravenna
Abstract
In the talk I will mention two regularity results: the SBV regularity for strictly hyperbolic, genuinely nonlinear 1D systems of conservation laws and the characterization of intrinsic Lipschitz codimension 1 graphs in the Heisenberg groups. In both the contexts suitable scalar, 1D balance laws arise with very low regularity. I will in particular highlight the role of characteristics. This seminar will be based on joint works with G. Alberti, S. Bianchini, F. Bigolin and F. Serra Cassano, and the main previous literature.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
26 January 2012
12:30
Abstract
Pseudo-differential operators (PDO's) are primarily defined in the familiar setting of the Euclidean space. For four decades, they have been standard tools in the study of PDE's and it is natural to attempt defining PDO's in other settings. In this talk, after discussing the concept of PDO's on the Euclidean space and on the torus, I will present some recent results and outline future work regarding PDO's on Lie groups as well as some of the applications to PDE's
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
19 January 2012
12:30
Abstract
In this seminar I will expose some results obtained jointly with P. Marcati, concerning the global existence of weak solutions for the Quantum Hydrodynamics System in the space of energy. We don not require any additional regularity and/or smallness assumptions on the initial data. Our approach replaces the WKB formalism with a polar decomposition theory which is not limited by the presence of vacuum regions. In this way we set up a self consistent theory, based only on particle density and current density, which does not need to define velocity fields in the nodal regions. The mathematical techniques we use in this paper are based on uniform (with respect to the approximating parameter) Strichartz estimates and the local smoothing property. I will then discuss some possible future extensions of the theory.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
12 January 2012
12:30
Marjolaine Puel
Abstract
The aim of this talk is to explain how to construct solutions to a relativistic transport equation via a time discrete scheme based on an optimal transportation problem. First of all, I will present a joint work with J. Bertrand, where we prove the existence of an optimal map for the Monge-Kantorovich problem associated to relativistic cost functions. Then, I will explain a joint work with Robert McCann, where we study the limiting process between the discrete and the continuous equation.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
1 December 2011
12:30
Abstract
I will talk about $W^{2,1}$ regularity for strictly convex Aleksandrov solutions to the Monge Amp\`ere equation \[ \det D^2 u =f \] where $f$ satisfies $\log f\in L^{\infty} $. Under the previous assumptions in the 90's Caffarelli was able to prove that $u \in C^{1,\alpha}$ and that $u\in W^{2,p}$ if $|f-1|\leq \varepsilon(p)$. His results however left open the question of Sobolev regularity of $u$ in the general case in which $f$ is just bounded away from $0$ and infinity. In a joint work with Alessio Figalli we finally show that actually $|D^2u| \log^k |D^2 u| \in L^1$ for every positive $k$. \\ If time will permit I will also discuss some question related to the $W^{2,1}$ stability of solutions of Monge-Amp\`ere equation and optimal transport maps and some applications of the regularity to the study of the semi-geostrophic system, a simple model of large scale atmosphere/ocean flows (joint works with Luigi Ambrosio, Maria Colombo and Alessio Figalli).
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
24 November 2011
12:30
Federica Dragoni
Abstract
In the first part of the talk I will introduce a notion of convexity ($\mathcal{X}$-convexity) which applies to any given family of vector fields: the main model which we have in mind is the case of vector fields satisfying the H\"ormander condition. Then I will give a PDE-characterization for $\mathcal{X}$-convex functions using a viscosity inequality for the intrinsic Hessian and I will derive bounds for the intrinsic gradient and intrinsic local Lipschitz-continuity for this class of functions.\\ In the second part of the talk I will introduce a notion of subdifferential for any given family of vector fields (namely $\mathcal{X}$-subdifferential) and show that a non empty $\mathcal{X}$-subdifferential at any point characterizes the class of $\mathcal{X}$-convex functions. As application I will prove a Jensen-type inequality for $\mathcal{X}$-convex functions in the case of Carnot-type vector fields. {\em (Joint work with Martino Bardi)}.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar
17 November 2011
12:30
Abstract
An overview is given of some key issues and definitions in the Calculus of Variations, with a focus on lower semicontinuity and quasiconvexity. Some well known results and instructive counterexamples are also discussed. We then move to consider variational problems in the BV setting, and present a new lower semicontinuity result for quasiconvex integrals of subquadratic growth. The proof of this requires some interesting techniques, such as obtaining boundedness properties for an extension operator, and exploiting fine properties of Sobolev maps.
  • OxPDE Lunchtime Seminar

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