Past Forthcoming Seminars

Dr Eugene Ovtchinnikov

The convergence of iterative methods for solving the linear system Ax = b with a Hermitian positive definite matrix A depends on the condition number of A: the smaller the latter the faster the former. Hence the idea to multiply the equation by a matrix T such that the condition number of TA is much smaller than that of A. The above is a common interpretation of the technique known as preconditioning, the matrix T being referred to as the preconditioner for A.
The eigenvalue computation does not seem to benefit from the direct application of such a technique. Indeed, what is the point in replacing the standard eigenvalue problem Ax = λx with the generalized one TAx = λTx that does not appear to be any easier to solve? It is hardly surprising then that modern eigensolvers, such as ARPACK, do not use preconditioning directly. Instead, an option is provided to accelerate the convergence to the sought eigenpairs by applying spectral transformation, which generally requires the user to supply a subroutine that solves the system (A−σI)y = z, and it is entirely up to the user to employ preconditioning if they opt to solve this system iteratively.
In this talk we discuss some alternative views on the preconditioning technique that are more general and more useful in the convergence analysis of iterative methods and that show, in particular, that the direct preconditioning approach does make sense in eigenvalue computation. We review some iterative algorithms that can benefit from the direct preconditioning, present available convergence results and demonstrate both theoretically and numerically that the direct preconditioning approach has advantages over the two-level approach. Finally, we discuss the role that preconditioning can play in the a posteriori error analysis, present some a posteriori error estimates that use preconditioning and compare them with commonly used estimates in terms of the Euclidean norm of residual.

  • Computational Mathematics and Applications Seminar
7 February 2005
We introduce conditions in the spirit of $(T)$ and $(T')$ of the discrete setting, that imply, when $d \geq 2$, a law of large numbers with non-vanishing limiting velocity (which we refer to as 'ballistic behavior') and a central limit theorem with non-degenerate covariance matrix. As an application of our results, we consider the class of diffusions where the diffusion matrix is the identity, and give a concrete criterion on the drift term under which the diffusion in random environment exhibits ballistic behavior.
  • Stochastic Analysis Seminar