3-coloring graphs with no induced 6-edge paths

14 May 2013
Maria Chudnovsky
Since graph-coloring is an NP-complete problem in general, it is natural to ask how the complexity changes if the input graph is known not to contain a certain induced subgraph H. Due to results of Kaminski and Lozin, and Hoyler, the problem remains NP-complete, unless H is the disjoint union of paths. Recently the question of coloring graphs with a fixed-length induced path forbidden has received considerable attention, and only a few cases of that problem remain open for k-coloring when k>=4. However, little is known for 3-coloring. Recently we have settled the first open case for 3-coloring; namely we showed that 3-coloring graphs with no induced 6-edge paths can be done in polynomial time. In this talk we will discuss some of the ideas of the algorithm. This is joint work with Peter Maceli and Mingxian Zhong.
  • Combinatorial Theory Seminar