The Number Field Sieve is the current practical and theoretical state of the art algorithm for factoring. Unfortunately, there has been no rigorous analysis of this type of algorithm. We randomise key aspects of the number theory, and prove that in this variant congruences of squares are formed in expected time $L(1/3, 2.88)$. These results are tightly coupled to recent progress on the distribution of smooth numbers, and we provide additional tools to turn progress on these problems into improved bounds.
- Combinatorial Theory Seminar