Past PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

4 December 2014
12:00
Wenhui Shi
Abstract

In this talk, I will describe how to use the partial hodograph-Legendre transformation to show the analyticity of the free boundary in the elliptic thin obstacle problem. In particular, I will discuss the invertibility of this transformation and show that the resulting fully nonlinear PDE has a subelliptic structure. This is based on a joint work with Herbert Koch and Arshak Petrosyan.

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
27 November 2014
12:00
Michael Helmers
Abstract
We consider a discrete nonlinear diffusion equation with bistable nonlinearity. The formal continuum limit of this problem is an
ill-posed PDE, thus any limit dynamics might feature measure-valued solutions, phases interfaces, and hysteretic interface motion.
Based on numerical simulations, we first discuss the phenomena that occur for different types of initial. Then we focus on the case of
interfaces with non-trivial dynamics and study the rigorous passage to the limit for a piecewise affine nonlinearity.
  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
6 November 2014
12:00
Paul Plucinsky
Abstract
 

For nematic elastomers in a membrane limit, one expects in the elastic theory an interplay of material and structural non-linearities. For instance, nematic elastomer material has an associated anisotropy which allows for the formation of microstructure via nematic reorientation under deformation. Furthermore, polymeric membrane type structures (of which nematic elastomer membranes are a type) often wrinkle under applied deformations or tractions to avoid compressive stresses. An interesting question which motivates this study is whether the formation of microstructure can suppress wrinkling in nematic elastomer membranes for certain classes of deformation. This idea has captured the interest of NASA as they seek lightweight and easily deployable space structures, and since the use of lightweight deployable membranes is often limited by wrinkling.

 

In order to understand the interplay of these non-linearities, we derive an elastic theory for nematic elastomers of small thickness. Our starting point is three-dimensional elasticity, and for this we incorporate the widely used model Bladon, Terentjev and Warner for the energy density of a nematic elastomer along with a Frank elastic penalty on nematic reorientation. We derive membrane and bending limits taking the thickness to zero by exploiting the mathematical framework of Gamma-convergence. This follows closely the seminal works of LeDret and Raoult on the membrane theory and Friesecke, James and Mueller on the bending theory.

 

  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar
23 October 2014
12:00
Abstract
In his 1879 PRSL paper on thermal transpiration J.C.MAXWELL addressed the problem of steady flow of a dilute gas over a flat boundary. The experiments of KUNDT and WARBURG had demonstrated that if the boundary is heated with a temperature gradient , say increasing from left to right, the gas will flow from left to right. On the other hand MAXWELL using the continuum mechanics of his (and indeed our) day solved the ( compressible) NAVIER- STOKES- FOURIER equations for balance of mass, momentum, and energy and found a solution: the gas has velocity equal zero. The Japanese fluid mechanist Y. SONE has termed this the incompleteness of fluid mechanics. In this talk I will sketch MAXWELL's program and how it suggests KORTEWEG's 1904 theory of capillarity to be a reasonable “ completion” of fluid mechanics. Then to push matters in the analytical direction I will suggest that these results show that HILBERT's 1900 goal expressed in his 6th problem of passage from the BOLTZMANN equation to the EULER equations as the KNUDSEN number tends to zero in unattainable.
  • PDE CDT Lunchtime Seminar

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