Strombolian volcanoes are thought to maintain their semi-permanent eruptive style by means of counter-current two-phase convective flow in the volcanic conduit leading from the magma chamber, driven by the buoyancy provided by exsolution of volatiles such as water vapour and carbon dioxide in the upwelling magma, due to pressure release. A model of bubbly two-phase flow is presented to describe this, but it is found that the solution breaks down before the vent at the surface is reached. We propose that the mathematical breakdown of the solution is associated with the physical breakdown of the two-phase flow regime from a bubbly flow to a churn-turbulent flow. We provide a second two-phase flow model to describe this regime, and we show that the solution can be realistically continued to the vent. The model is also in keeping with observations of eruptive style.
- Mathematical Geoscience Seminar