I was speak on the way Newton carries out his calculus in the Principia in the framework of classical geometry rather than with fluxions, his deficiencies, and the relation of this work to inverse-square laws.

# Forthcoming Seminars

Please note that the list below only shows forthcoming events, which may not include regular events that have not yet been entered for the forthcoming term. Please see the past events page for a list of all seminar series that the department has on offer.

Warped cones are infinite metric spaces that are associated with actions by homeomorphisms on metric spaces. In this talk I will try to explain why the coarse geometry of warped cones can be seen as an invariant of the action and what it can tell us about the acting group.

In the study of variational models for non-linear elasticity in the context of proving regularity we are led to the challenging so-called Ball-Evan's problem of approximating a Sobolev homeomorphism with diffeomorphisms in its Sobolev space. In some cases however we are not able to guarantee that the limit of a minimizing sequence is a homeomorphism and so the closure of Sobolev homeomorphisms comes into the game. For $p\geq 2$ they are exactly Sobolev monotone maps and for $1\leq p<2$ the monotone maps are intricately related to these limits. In our paper we prove that monotone maps can be approximated by diffeomorphisms in their Sobolev (or Orlicz-Sobolev) space including the case $p=1$ not proven by Iwaniec and Onninen.

Spline curves represent a simple and efficient tool for data interpolation in Euclidean space. During the past decades, however, more and more applications have emerged that require interpolation in (often high-dimensional) nonlinear spaces such as Riemannian manifolds. An example is the generation of motion sequences in computer graphics, where the animated figure represents a curve in a Riemannian space of shapes. Two particularly useful spline interpolation methods derive from a variational principle: linear splines minimize the average squared velocity and cubic splines minimize the average squared acceleration among all interpolating curves. Those variational principles and their discrete analogues can be used to define continuous and discretized spline curves on (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifolds. However, it turns out that well-posedness of cubic splines is much more intricate on nonlinear and high-dimensional spaces and requires quite strong conditions on the underlying manifold. We will analyse and discuss linear and cubic splines as well as their discrete counterparts on Riemannian manifolds and show a few applications.

l-adic cohomology was built to provide an etale cohomology with coefficients in a field of characteristic 0. This, via the Grothendieck trace formula, gives a cohomological interpretation of L-functions - a fundamental tool in Deligne's theory of weights developed in Weil II. Instead of l-adic coefficients one can consider coefficients in ultra products of finite fields. I will state the fundamental theorem of Weil II for curves in this setting and explain briefly what are the difficulties to overcome to adjust Deligne's proof. I will then discuss how this ultra product variant of Weil II allows to extend to arbitrary coefficients previous results of Gabber and Hui, Tamagawa and myself for constant $\mathbb{Z}_\ell$-coefficients. For instance, it implies that, in an $E$-rational compatible system of smooth $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_\ell$-sheaves all what is true for $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_\ell$-coefficients (semi simplicity, irreducibility, invariant dimensions etc) is true for $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_\ell$-coefficients provided $\ell$ is large enough or that the $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}_\ell$-models are unique with torsion-free cohomology provided $\ell$ is large enough.

Many species of insects adhere to vertical and inverted surfaces using footpads that secrete thin films of a mediating fluid. The fluid bridges the gap between the foot and the target surface. The precise role of this liquid is still subject to debate, but it is thought that the contribution of surface tension to the adhesive force may be significant. It is also known that the footpad is soft, suggesting that capillary forces might deform its surface. Inspired by these physical ingredients, we study a model problem in which a thin, deformable membrane under tension is adhered to a flat, rigid surface by a liquid droplet. We find that there can be multiple possible equilibrium states, with the number depending on the applied tension and aspect ratio of the system. The presence of elastic deformation ignificantly enhances the adhesion force compared to a rigid footpad. A mathematical model shows that the equilibria of the system can be controlled via two key parameters depending on the imposed separation of the foot and target surface, and the tension applied to the membrane. We confirm this finding experimentally and show that the system may transition rapidly between two states as the two parameters are varied. This suggests that different strategies may be used to adhere strongly and then detach quickly.

In this talk, I consider the problem of

hedging European and Bermudan option with a given probability. This

question is

more generally linked to portfolio optimisation problems under weak

stochastic target constraints.

I will recall, in a Markovian framework, the characterisation of the

solution by

non-linear PDEs. I will then discuss various numerical algorithms

to compute in practice the quantile hedging price.

This presentation is based on joint works with B. Bouchard (Université

Paris Dauphine), G. Bouveret (University of Oxford) and ongoing work

with C. Benezet (Université Paris Diderot).

It is thought that the hairy legs of water walking arthropods are able to remain clean and dry because the flexibility of the hairs spontaneously moves drops off the hairs. We present a mathematical model of this bending-induced motion, or bendotaxis, and study how it performs for wetting and non-wetting drops. Crucially, we show that both wetting and non-wetting droplets move in the same direction (using physical arguments and numerical solutions). This suggests that a surface covered in elastic filaments (such as the hairy leg of insects) may be able to universally self-clean. To quantify the efficiency of this effect, we explore the conditions under which drops leave the structure by ‘spreading’ rather than translating and also how long it takes to do so.