Past String Theory Seminar

2 February 2015
12:00
John Dixon
Abstract

The chiral scalar superfield has interesting BRST cohomology, but the relevant cohomology objects all  have spinor indices. So they cannot occur in an action. They need to be coupled to a chiral dotted spinor superfield. Until now, this has been very problematic, since no sensible action for a chiral dotted spinor superfield was known.  The most obvious such action contains higher derivatives and tachyons.

Now,  a sensible  action has been found. When coupled to the cohomology, this action removes the supersymmetry charge from the theory while maintaining the rigidity and power of supersymmetry.The simplest example of this phenomenon has exactly the fermion content of the Leptons or the Quarks.  The mechanism has the potential to get around the cosmological constant problem, and also the problem of the sum rules of spontaneously broken supersymmetry.

  • String Theory Seminar
26 January 2015
12:00
Philip Candelas
Abstract

This is a report on an ongoing project to construct Calabi-Yau manifolds for which the Hodge numbers $(h^{11}, h^{21})$ are both relatively small. These manifolds are, in a sense, the simplest Calabi-Yau manifolds. I will report on joint work with Volker Braun, Andrei Constantin, Rhys Davies, Challenger Mishra and others.

  • String Theory Seminar
1 December 2014
12:00
Dmytro Volin
Abstract

The planar N=4 SYM is believed to be integrable. Following this thoroughly justified belief, its exact spectrum had been encoded recently into a quantum spectral curve (QSC). We can explicitly solve the QSC in various regimes; in particular, one can perform a highly-efficient weak coupling expansion.

I will explain how QSC looks like for the harmonic oscillator and then, using this analogy, introduce the QSC equations for the SYM spectrum. We will use these equations to compute a particular 6-loop conformal dimension in real time and then discuss explicit results (found up to 10-loop orders) as well as some general statements about the answer at any loop-order.

  • String Theory Seminar
24 November 2014
12:00
Mario Garcia Fernandez
Abstract

I will give an overview of ongoing joint work with R. Rubio and C. Tipler, in which we study the moduli problem for the Strominger system of equations. Building on the work of De la Ossa and Svanes and, independently, of Anderson, Gray and Sharpe, we construct an elliptic complex whose first cohomology group is the space of infinitesimal deformations of a solution of the strominger system. I will also discuss an intriguing link between this moduli problem and a moduli problem for holomorphic Courant algebroids over Calabi-Yau threefolds. Finally, we will see how the problem for the Strominger system embeds naturally in generalized geometry, and discuss some perspectives of this approach.

  • String Theory Seminar
17 November 2014
12:00
Paul Richmond
Abstract

I will describe the computation of the supersymmetric Renyi entropy across an entangling 3-sphere for five-dimensional superconformal field theories. For a class of USp(2N) gauge theories I’ll also construct a holographic dual 1/2 BPS black hole solution of Euclidean Romans F(4) supergravity. The large N limit of the gauge theory results will be shown to agree perfectly with the supergravity computations.

  • String Theory Seminar
10 November 2014
12:00
Tomasz Lukowski
Abstract
In this talk I will discuss how to construct all solutions consistent with crossing symmetry in the limit of large central charge $c ~ N^2$, starting from the four-point correlator of the stress tensor multiplet in N=4 SYM. Unitarity forces the introduction of a scale $\Delta_{gap}$ and these solutions organize as a double expansion in 1/c and $1/\Delta_{gap}$. These solutions are valid to leading order in 1/c and to all orders in $1/\Delta_{gap}$ and reproduce, in particular, instanton corrections previously found. Comparison with such instanton computations allows to fix $\Delta_{gap}$. Using this gap scale one can explain the upper bounds for the scaling dimension of unprotected operators observed in the numerical superconformal bootstrap at large central charge. Furthermore, I will present connections between such upper bounds and positivity constraints arising from causality in flat space and I will discuss how certain relations derived from causality constraints for scattering in AdS follow from crossing symmetry.
 
  • String Theory Seminar
3 November 2014
12:00
Abstract
I will begin by introducing different surface defects in 4d N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories, and discuss how the 4d supersymmetry breaking effect can descend into the 2d world volume theories of the surface defects.
I will then discuss how certain surface defects can naturally appear as saddle point solutions in 4d N=1 and N=2 superconformal indices, also confirm this with explicit 2d elliptic genus calculations. I will wrap up the talk by discussing their roles in different field theoretic dualities.
  • String Theory Seminar
27 October 2014
12:00
Sven Krippendorf
Abstract

I will discuss the implementation of explicit stabilisation of all closed string moduli in fluxed type IIB Calabi-Yau compactifications with chiral matter.  Using toric geometry we construct Calabi-Yau manifolds with del Pezzo singularities. D-branes located at such singularities can support the Standard Model gauge group and matter content. We consider Calabi-Yau manifolds with a discrete symmetry that reduces the effective number of complex structure moduli, which allows us to calculate the corresponding periods and find explicit flux vacua. We compute the values of the flux superpotential and the string coupling at these vacua. Starting from these explicit complex structure solutions, we obtain AdS and dS minima where the Kaehler moduli are stabilised by a mixture of D-terms, non-perturbative and perturbative alpha'-corrections as in the LARGE Volume Scenario.

  • String Theory Seminar
20 October 2014
12:00
Andreas Braun
Abstract

I will discuss several recent developments regarding the construction of fluxes for F-theory on Calabi-Yau fourfolds. Of particular importance to the effective physics is the structure of the middle (co)homology groups, on which new results are presented. Fluxes dynamically drive the fourfold to Noether-Lefschetz loci in moduli space. While the structure of such loci is generally unknown for Calabi-Yau fourfolds, this problem can be answered in terms of arithmetic for K3 x K3 and a classification is possible.

  • String Theory Seminar

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