# Past Partial Differential Equations Seminar

The classical Gehring lemma for elliptic equations with measurable coefficients states that an energy solution, which is initially assumed to be $H^1$ - Sobolev regular, is actually in a better Sobolev space space $W^{1,q}$ for some $q>2$. This a consequence of a self-improving property that so-called reverse Hölder inequality implies. In the case of nonlocal equations a self-improving effect appears: Energy solutions are also more differentiable. This is a new, purely nonlocal phenomenon, which is not present in the local case. The proof relies on a nonlocal version of the Gehring lemma involving new exit time and dyadic decomposition arguments. This is a joint work with G. Mingione and Y. Sire.

We study the low-temperature limit in the Landau-de Gennes theory for liquid crystals. We prove that for minimizers for orientable Dirichlet data tend to be almost uniaxial but necessarily contain some biaxiality around the singularities of a limiting harmonic map. In particular we prove that around each defect there must necessarily exist a maximal biaxiality point, a point with a purely uniaxial configuration with a positive order parameter, and a point with a purely uniaxial configuration with a negative order parameter. Estimates for the size of the biaxial cores are also given.

This is joint work with Apala Majumdar and Adriano Pisante.

The massless Maxwell-Klein-Gordon system describes the interaction between an electromagnetic field (Maxwell) and a charged massless scalar field (massless Klein-Gordon, or wave). In this talk, I will present a recent proof, joint with D. Tataru, of global well-posedness and scattering of this system for arbitrary finite energy data in the (4+1)-dimensional Minkowski space, in which the PDE is energy critical.

Leinster and Willerton have introduced the concept of the magnitude of a metric space, as a special case as that of an enriched category. It is a numerical invariant which is designed to capture the important geometric information about the space, but concrete examples of ts values on compact sets in euclidean space have hitherto been lacking. We discuss progress in some conjectures of Leinster and Willerton.

We study the adaptive finite element approximation of the Dirichlet problem $-\Delta u = f$ with zero boundary values using newest vertex bisection. Our approach is based on the minimization of the corresponding Dirichlet energy. We show that the maximums strategy attains every energy level with a number of degrees of freedom, which is proportional to the optimal number. As a consequence we achieve instance optimality of the error. This is a joint work with Christian Kreuzer (Bochum) and Rob Stevenson (Amsterdam).

We establish sharp Sobolev inequalities of order four on Euclidean $d$-balls for $d$ greater than or equal to four. When $d=4$, our inequality generalizes the classical second order Lebedev-Milin inequality on Euclidean $2$-balls. Our method relies on the use of scattering theory on hyperbolic $d$-balls. As an application, we charcaterize the extremals of the main term in the log-determinant formula corresponding to the conformal Laplacian coupled with the boundary Robin operator on Euclidean $4$-balls. This is joint work with Alice Chang.

This will be an overview of Prof Stroffolini's research and precursor to the eight-hour mini-course Prof Stroffolini will be giving later in October.