Valued difference fields and NTP2

29 November 2012
Martin Hils
(Joint work with Artem Chernikov.) In the talk, we will first recall some basic results on valued difference fields, both from an algebraic and from a model-theoretic point of view. In particular, we will give a description, due to Hrushovski, of the theory VFA of the non-standard Frobenius acting on an algebraically closed valued field of residue characteristic 0, as well as an Ax-Kochen-Ershov type result for certain valued difference fields which was proved by Durhan. We will then present a recent work where it is shown that VFA does not have the tree property of the second kind (i.e., is NTP2); more generally, in the context of the Ax-Kochen-Ershov principle mentioned above, the valued difference field is NTP2 iff both the residue difference field and the value difference group are NTP2. The property NTP2 had already been introduced by Shelah in 1980, but only recently it has been shown to provide a fruitful ‘tameness’ assumption, e.g. when dealing with independence notions in unstable NIP theories (work of Chernikov-Kaplan).