The moduli stack of tropical curves (COW SEMINAR)

26 November 2015
Martin Ulirsch

The moduli space of tropical curves (and its variants) is one of the most-studied objects in tropical geometry. So far this moduli space has only been considered as an essentially set-theoretic coarse moduli space (sometimes with additional structure). As a consequence of this restriction, the tropical forgetful map does not define a universal curve
(at least in the positive genus case). The classical work of Knudsen has resolved a similar issue for the algebraic moduli space of curves by considering the fine moduli stacks instead of the coarse moduli spaces. In this talk I am going to give an introduction to these fascinating tropical moduli spaces and report on ongoing work with R. Cavalieri, M. Chan, and J. Wise, where we propose the notion of a moduli stack of tropical curves as a geometric stack over the category of rational polyhedral cones. Using this framework one can give a natural interpretation of the forgetful morphism as a universal curve. The coarse moduli space arises as the set of $\mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$-valued points of the moduli stack. Given time, I will also explain how the process of tropicalization for these moduli stacks can be phrased in a more fundamental way using the language of logarithmic algebraic stacks.

  • Algebraic and Symplectic Geometry Seminar